Top 8 Backend Frameworks To Use in Web App Development

by Jigar Mistry
8 Best Backend Frameworks for Web Development

The advancement in technology has brought immense innovation in mobile and web applications.  Companies aim to deliver the valuable output to their customers by incorporating the most used frameworks, libraries, and tools.  With the arrival of APIs and frameworks, the paradigm of web development has mounted for a few years.  A huge number of frameworks are easily obtainable for both, frontend and backend web development.  Backend frameworks are the libraries of server side languages that aid in building backend configuration of any website.

Frameworks are considered as a vital part of any web development for constructing interactive and web applications.  A huge amount of time and resources are invested to build responsive user interfaces on the frontend.  On the other hand, the backend is what facilitates an application to function.  These frameworks are constituted by a variety of elements that allows developers to work more rapidly.  Let us have a look at some of the best backend frameworks you can choose to avail rapid development.

What is a Web App Framework?

A web app framework is a software framework that is intended to facilitate and support web application development which includes web resources, web services, and web APIs.  These web application frameworks offer a specific way to form and install web applications on the World Wide Web.

The frameworks aspire to mechanize the overhead linked with general activities performed in development of the web.  For instance, several top web frameworks supply libraries for templating frameworks, database access, and session management; also they frequently endorse code reuse.  Even though these developer frameworks goal at the development of vibrant websites, they are appropriate for some static websites too.  

Features of Web App Framework

The best frameworks for web development generally place the control-flow of the program and enable the users to ‘hook into’ that flow by divulging in diverse events.  Such ‘inversion of control’ pattern is meant to be a crucial principle of the framework and benefits the coding by implementing a universal flow for the team to customize in similar conducts.

After knowing what is web framework, let us examine some critical features that aid developers in reinforcing frameworks for web development as a multifunctional tool.

  • Web template system:  This is a collection of diverse software and methodologies reinforced to form and deploy web-pages.  The template engines are utilized to execute these web templates.  They are termed as a tool for web publishing in any framework.
  • Web Caching:  It aids to store various documents and evades infuriating occurrence of server overload.  The users can exercise it in different systems if a number of conditions are satisfied.
  • Applications:  Abundant web apps are sustained by respective web frameworks.  The most universal and one of the best web frameworks for building applications facilitates the creation of all-purpose websites, forums, blogs, content management systems, to name a few.
  • Scaffolding:  This is an important system to understand and employ and is affiliated by MVC frameworks.  The essential parts of any application or the complete project configuration can be produced by the framework mechanically.  This approach boosts the speed of the development cycle and regulates the codebase.
  • Security:  This security feature has ample criteria for recognizing and sanctioning or rejecting access to dissimilar functions in the web framework.  It also aids in identifying the profiles that utilize the applications to evade clickjacking.  This makes the framework authorized and authentic.

Types of Web Frameworks

The two primary functions of a framework are to work on the server-side (backend), or client-side (frontend).

Server-side Framework

The architecture of the backend frameworks enables creating landings, simple pages, and forms of different kinds.  They can render output data and enhance security at the time of web attacks.  Such a framework functions mainly on meticulous and significant details, without which the application cannot run work effectively.  All these vital traits can certainly simplify the development procedure.  Ruby on Rails, Django, Express are some of the most popular backend frameworks.

Client-side Framework

With a client-side framework, you can easily enhance and execute a new user-interface.  It considers the work that takes place in the browser and has nothing to do with business logic.  Several animated characteristics can be fabricated with the frontend development frameworks and SPA (single-page applications).  Each client-side framework is different from the other frameworks in terms of its usage and functions.  Angular, Ember, Vue are some of the most popular frontend frameworks.

Frontend Framework vs Backend Framework

Difference between Frontend Framework and Backend Framework

After understanding the types of frameworks in web development, it becomes crucial to gauge the difference between frontend and backend framework.  Frontend developers have to work on user-interface of the site and must possess some skills utilizing design tools, namely, Sketch, PhotoShop, or Figma. 

The frontend developers are majorly accountable for what their users see.  The three prime tools they developers work with are CSS, HTML, and JavaScript.  Their chief focus is to create a rich user experience, ensuring the layout and design of the website is consistent until its existence.

Whereas, backend developers must possess critical thinking skills to facilitate a designing scheme that makes the user interaction easy and responsive.  They work with a wide range of libraries, APIs, web services, etc.  They are answerable for the execution of database systems, ensuring appropriate communication between different generating backend functionality and web services.

Top 8 Backend Frameworks

Backend frameworks are nothing but the libraries of server-side frameworks that aid to develop the structure of any site.  If you require building a powerful web or app, wouldn’t it seem helpful if certain things are readily available?  The best framework for web development is the one that assists the developers to have a good start by eradicating the requirement to develop and configure everything from scratch.  Below are some of the top backend frameworks written consisting of a variety of vital features.

  1. Django

    Django Framework

    Django is a high-level framework that is developed with the notion of ‘batteries included’.  This means that almost everything any developer would require is already included.  Hence, this Python framework has less necessity for a third-party plug-in, and everything in the framework functions together.  It is the best framework for website that builds large applications.

    If you are scheduling for building something small, Django might not be the best framework for websites as it will make that small project bloated with needless characteristics.  It is highly customizable and scalable.  It has extensive community and documentation and facilitates the best web development framework.  The well-known websites created on Django Python are Mozilla, Disqus, Pinterest, National Geographic, to name a few. 

  2. Laravel

    Laravel Framework

    Laravel is one of the finest PHP based back-end frameworks that have excellent language construction, the capability to suit giant groups and the effectiveness of its advanced toolbox.  It is the most popular web framework that follows MVC architecture and has encouraged wide backend development.  It supplies its database repositioning framework and has a dynamic organic system.

    The primary aim of this backend framework for websites is to create the process of upgrading fun and simple.  It is widely preferred by developers owing to its great versatility, highlights, and execution.  It empowers its developers to produce an altered base for their web applications.  It has a powerful template system and excellent documentation.  Some of the companies using Laravel in their tech stack are Kmong, 9GAG, Wisesight, Razorpay.

  3. Ruby on Rails

    Ruby on Rails Framework

    Ruby on Rails written in the Ruby programming language and is a server-side web application framework.  It presents a similar philosophy and design when compared with Django.  However, it encourages the usage of patterns like DRY (don’t repeat yourself) and MVC (model view controller).  Ruby on Rails is used for having a faultless database table formation, the scaffolding of views, and migrations.  It combines Ruby, JavaScript, CSS, and HTML to develop dynamic applications.

    Rails works on ‘convention over configuration’ principle that facilitates in making assumptions about what developers require to get the new web app started.  This allows its developers to achieve more while writing fewer codes.  Furthermore, it’s easy testing and compilation, along with wide community support and plenty of obtainable resources make it a feasible alternative for the beginners.  Big companies that use ruby on rails are Netflix, Hulu, Shopify, Zendesk, Github, to name a few.

  4. CakePHP

    CakePHP Framework

    CakePHP is one of the foremost PHP frameworks to be introduced since 2005.  Since its inception, it has progressed and now termed as a contemporary framework, allowing its developers to develop apps quickly.  This makes it a preferable choice for developing both big and small web applications.  It has no complex configuration to start and renders complete security.

    CakePHP utilizes some of the well-known engineering concepts and software designs, such as model-view-controller, convention over configuration, association data mapping, front controller, and active record.  Its router facilitates multifaceted HTTP app routing, routing incoming requests to the exact controller.   Reverse routing forms a relationship between links and routes, making sure that the links are generated with the correct and consistent resource locator.

  5. Spring Boot

    Spring boot Framework

    Spring Boot is one of the widely used backend Javascript frameworks.  This is an inversion of the control container and an application framework for the Java platform.  Its core characteristics can be exercised by any Java app, but there are many extensions for developing web apps.  Though it does not compel any precise programming model, it has been one of the most popular web development frameworks and an open source in the Java community.

    Spring framework has numerous modules that offer a variety of services.  It has a spring core container which is the foremost module that provides containers.  It renders configurable security methods that maintain an array of protocols, standards, practices, and tools by means of the spring security sub-project.

  6. Phoenix

    Phoenix Framework

    Phoenix is a backend framework that is written in a functional programming language named Elixir.  It functions with Erlang’s Virtual Machine and Phoenix uses a server-side MVC pattern.  Being based on Plug library and the Cowboy Erlang framework, it was formed to offer high performing web applications.

    Along with the request-response function, supplied by Cowboy server, Phoenix renders real-time communication to its external clients via WebSockets utilizing its language channel feature.

  7. Flask

    Flask Framework

    Flask is another prominent backend framework.  This PHP framework gives support to secure cookies, Jinja2 templating, RESTful request dispatching, and unit testing.  Unlike Django, it is much light weighted and hence, suitable for developing smaller projects.  It is described as a microframework as it does not need any particular libraries or tools.  It does not contain form validation, database abstraction layer, or other components where third-party libraries give common purposes.

    However, Flask supports extensions that can insert application qualities.  Extensions do exist for form validation, object-relational mappers, upload handling, several common framework related tools, and different open authentication technologies.  Extensions are restructured far more regularly than the main Flask project.  The apps that use this backend framework are LinkedIn and Pinterest.

  8. Express

    Express Framework

    Express is a de facto standard server framework for Node Javascript backend framework and open-source software released under MIT License.  This is the best backend framework intended to build APIs and web applications.  It is termed as the backend section of MEAN stack, jointly with MongoDB database software and AngularJS front-end framework.

    This framework supplies a thin layer of primary web application characteristics and is easy to create a vigorous API with the assistance of different HTTP service and middleware accessible.  It is considered to be one of the popular web frameworks as it is a minimal, flexible, topmost framework for web development on Node.js.  It is considered as one of the major Express components of the mean software bundle. Companies using Express are MuleSoft, Accenture, Myntra, Uber, Myspace, etc.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a backend framework?

The backend frameworks are the server-side web frameworks that are exercised to make tasks hassle-free and convenient for developers. These web app frameworks are focused on scripting languages, namely, Node.js, JavaScript, Ruby, or compiled languages like Java or C#, Java. It also lays focus on business logic and security authorization and authentication.

Is Django a backend framework?

Django is one of the most preferred Python backend frameworks that formally facilitates four database backends, namely, Oracle, MySQL, PostgreSQL, and SQLite. Django is an open-source and a compilation of Python libraries that allows the developers to create robust web applications efficiently, and which is appropriate for both backend and frontend.

Which backend framework is most popular?

From complete MVC frameworks to RESTful APIs, some of the best backend frameworks are Spring, Ruby, Express, Django, and Laravel. Rails and Laravel, being a Model-View-Controller development framework help the developers get started with web app development very quickly. Express is quite flexible and fosters complete applications as well as REST API.


Conclusion

There are numerous powerful backend development frameworks available, each having their imperative traits and features.  Selecting the best website backend framework relies on your project specifications and development goals.  Contact us, if you want to employ an apt web framework that would avail you a higher traffic rate.  It is also important to consider that the framework you opt for is frequently updated to guarantee that it is capable of protecting against new and common attacks.

Author Bio

Jigar Mistry

Jigar Mistry

Jigar Mistry is the Founder of Monocubed and is the main curator and writer of the content found on this site. He has 14+ years of experience in the information technology industry. He always believes in quality, in terms of code and application.