What is Backend Web Development?

Have you ever wondered that when you sign up for a web application, you generally get a confirmation code on your registered mail id? As soon as you confirm it, you get access to that web application.

What is the mechanism behind all this?

The answer to these questions lies in backend web development.

According to Indeed, the average base salary of backend developers is $94,973 in the United States.

So, if you are a developer and looking to build your career in backend, this blog will provide you the complete information. Being a leading web development company, we have curated this exclusive guide for you, along with all the information that you need to know for backend web development.

Let’s start with the basics of backend web development.

What is Backend Web Development?

It is also known as server-side development. It is behind all those mechanisms that we just talked about earlier. The backend development primarily focuses on writing APIs, backend logic, and managing databases and servers.

The backend developers are the ones who build backend logic which helps the database and the application communicate with one another.

For instance: If someone searches for a shirt on Amazon. A backend developer uses server-side language to pull all the information about shirts from a database. That information is then processed in an application and returned to the user through front-end.

Some famous backend web applications are Instagram, Pinterest, Reddit, Trivago and Amazon. To know more about backend web development, you need to know more about front-end and back-end development.

Let’s understand the difference.

Difference Between Frontend and Backend Web Development

Let us understand the differences between frontend and backend development

Parameters Backend Frontend
Definition Backend development involves the efficient implementation of web application functions such as databases, server management, and so on. Frontend development involves the efficient implementation of a web application’s visual components.
Skills required HTML, CSS, Javascript etc. Python, Ruby, Java etc.
Goal The goal of backend development is to ensure that the application runs in all of the provided scenarios, that it is scalable, and that it works efficiently and with low latency without fail. The goal of frontend development is to ensure that the application is accessible to all users and remains responsive across all platforms, including desktops, tablets, and phones.
Development team The backend development team’s job is to help the front end with page linking and provide security and support to users. The frontend development team’s job is to design and test the application’s appearance based on the user’s input.
Framework Django, Flask, CakePHP, Laravel etc. Check this guide to learn more about front-end frameworks. AngularJS, React, Vue.js etc. Check this guide to learn more about back-end development.
Additional Skills Database management systems, servers, APIs Good understanding of UI/UX
Salary The backend developers in the United States have an average salary of $116,000. The front-end developers in the United States have an average salary of $102,576.

Since you already know the difference about front-end and backend web development, let’s understand backend web development with examples.

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Types of Backend Web Development Programming Languages

Now, let’s look at the popular programming languages used in backend web development.

  1. C# – Provides Excellent Integrity and Better Interporability

  2. C# is a Microsoft-developed object-oriented programming language built on the foundations of C, a widely used programming language. It was intended to be used as part of the.NET framework to develop Windows applications.

    C# is a general-purpose programming language used in backend web development, game development with Unity, mobile app development, and other areas. Its MVC (Model-View-Controller) architectural pattern delegated backend development to a controller, who interacted with a model to process data. The result is then displayed to the viewer as a frontend web page.

    It can be used not only on the Windows platform but also on Android, iOS, and Linux. It is one of the most effective programming languages for web development. Some famous companies that use C# for backend technologies are Microsoft, Starbucks, Stack Overflow etc.

    The pros and cons of using C# are:

    Pros of C# Cons of C#
    Capable of collaborating on shared codebases Less flexible than C++
    When compared to C and C++, it is more secure Takes time and effort to learn
    Completely integrated with the.NET library Need to have good knowledge and expertise to resolve errors
    Contains a diverse set of data types and library functions
    Faster compilation and execution process
  3. Java – Emphasis on Security

  4. Java is a powerful object-oriented programming (OOP) language that is used for Android development as well as desktop and web application development. Java is a platform-independent multi-purpose programming language that has been a popular choice of language in many organizations for decades.

    Because of its stability, it has been adopted by most businesses. It is one of the best web development languages 2022 that you should learn. Some famous companies that use Java for backend technologies are Airbnb, Uber, LinkedIn, HubSpot etc.

    Here are the pros and cons of Java.

    Pros of Java Cons of Java
    It offers a wide range of open-source libraries The lack of templates limits the development of high-quality data structures
    It has inbuilt automatic garbage collection and memory allocation Memory management is costly
    With the help of the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), it is possible to achieve a high level of platform independence Java is slower than other languages such as C and C++
    Java supports multithreading
    Provides a wide array of APIs for performing various tasks such as networking, XML parsing, utilities, and database connection
  5. Ruby – Easy to Manage Changes

  6. Ruby on Rails (also known as Ruby) is a web development language based on the Ruby programming language. Ruby on Rails includes tools that allow you to create basic tasks quickly. For instance, you can create a simple blog with one line of code.

    Ruby requires little backend work, allowing developers to create and launch applications quickly. Its popularity grew after the release of Ruby on Rails, which has since been used as a server-side language for web applications. Some famous companies that use Ruby for backend technologies are Airbnb, AngelList, Scribd, Codecademy, etc.

    Want to know in-depth about this technology? From this blog, know what Ruby on Rails is.

    The pros and cons of using Ruby are:

    Pros of Ruby Cons of Ruby
    It is much easier to learn than other programming languages The performance is much slower when compared with other programming languages
    It offers a wide variety of tools and libraries Ruby has a lack of flexibility
    It has a huge and active community
    Development is easier and faster
  7. Python – Clean Syntax and Easy to Read Code

  8. Python is the most powerful and best multi-purpose programming language for web development and data analysis. It is an open-source language that is simple to learn and use, as well as simple to deploy.

    It is one of the best backend languages for web development, and it integrates seamlessly with programming languages such as C and C++. Python development can be used for scalable pages and applications. Some famous companies that use Python for backend technologies are Uber, Spotify, Quora, Netflix etc.

    However, most of the people get confused between which technology to select Python or Ruby. If you want to know which is the best one for you, check this blog about Ruby on Rails vs Python for backend development.

    The pros and cons of using Python are:

    Pros of Python Cons of Python
    It supports a variety of platforms and systems Python uses a lot of memory
    It provides a diverse set of support libraries The Global Interpreter Lock (GIL) in Python prevents multiple threads from running simultaneously
    It allows you to scale even complex web applications easily
    It is easy to learn
  9. JavaScript – Best for Code-sharing and Reusability

  10. JavaScript is the most flexible programming language and is the most preferred language for web development. It can be used by frontend and backend developers, making it the most powerful language.

    Node.js, a backend programming language, is a type of JavaScript. The Node.js framework, among other things, enables a developer to manage data updates from the front end and create scalable network applications capable of handling numerous concurrent user requests. Here are the popular companies that uses JavaScript websites including eBay, HotelTonight, Square etc.

    The pros and cons of using JavaScript are:

    Pros of JavaScript Cons of JavaScript
    It is fast and runs immediately on browsers without requiring compilation It does not support multiple inheritances
    It is simple to integrate and implement with other languages As the JavaScript code is visible to the user, it can be easily exploited
    It is highly versatile and provides data validation functionality
    It can be used in the frontend and backend, so you don’t need to learn a new backend language
    Just like Python, the syntax is easy, making learning easier
  11. PHP – Easy and Simple to Learn

  12. PHP is a great language for web development. Despite strong competition from other languages such as JavaScript and Python, there is still a high demand for PHP development services in the market today.

    Furthermore, PHP is a dynamic and general-purpose language for developing server-side applications. It can run on Mac, UNIX, and Windows systems. It is used in the web industry to build and deploy applications rapidly. Here are the best PHP development tools for backend web application development.

    Facebook, one of the most popular social platforms, is developed using PHP. Some famous companies that use PHP for backend technologies are Facebook, Viber, Lyft, Mint etc.

    The pros and cons of using PHP are:

    Pros of PHP Cons of PHP
    There are numerous frameworks available When compared to other languages, creating a web page with only PHP can be slower
    Simple to use when creating web pages It lacks security and error-handling features
    It has the Xdebug extension, which is useful for debugging
    It provides a massive ecosystem as well as excellent community support
    It supports a variety of automation tools for testing and deploying applications
    PHP also supports functional and object-oriented programming paradigms
  13. TypeScript – Makes Code Management Easier

  14. TypeScript is the superset of JavaScript that expands on the foundation of JS to allow you to write higher-quality, less buggy code. Microsoft created it to make JS code easier to understand. Further, read more to learn about the difference between TypeScript and JavaScript.

    It can be used with other JS technologies such as NodeJS and Express in the backend, which makes it quite powerful.

    Furthermore, JavaScript is a scripting language, whereas TypeScript is an object-oriented programming language. Also, it is statically typed, which means that unless you specify the variable type, the code will not run, making error detection simple. Some famous companies that use TypeScript for backend technologies are Slack, Canva, DoorDash, etc.

    The pros and cons of using TypeScript are:

    Pros of TypeScript Cons of TypeScript
    It supports inheritance, private members and interfaces You will have to write more code per line of code
    It has rich IDE support with autocomplete and code navigation features Debugging in the browser can be a cumbersome task
    It is easier to learn if you know the basics of JavaScript

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  15. Golang – Well-scaled and Provides Faster Execution

  16. GO is also called Golang. It is a statically typed compiling programming language developed by Google. It was made available to the general public in 2009. It has a syntax similar to C/C++ but also has memory safety, garbage collection, and other features that make it ideal for backend programming. It also makes code more readable than C, Python, or Java.

    Go is a fast backend programming language because its compiler can translate its source code to machine code. It also has a feature that makes bug identification easier. Some famous companies that use Golang for backend technologies are Google, Shopify, Twitch, etc.

    The pros and cons of using GO are:

    Pros of Golang Cons of Golang
    GO is a lightning-fast programming language It has a limited library, so you must rely on external libraries
    It also offers built-in lists, maps, and primitive types such as byte, int, and string which are simple to use The GO community is very small
    Unlike C and C++, memory management has been made purposefully simple and easy in go programming
    The syntax is very easy to learn

Since we have understood the most used technologies with its pros and cons, let’s even understand the responsible person for creating a backend of the web application.

Who is Responsible for Creating Backend of Web Applications?

A backend web developer is responsible for creating the backend of the web applications.

Backend developers typically create web services and APIs used by frontend developers. The primary objective of the backend developer is to write server-side logic, maintain the central databases and ensure high responsiveness and performance for frontend requests.

The backend developer works on these four technologies. These are

  • Backend programming languages
  • Databases
  • Servers
  • Application programming interfaces (APIs)

Let’s understand four of them in brief.

Aspects Description
Backend programming language Backend developers use programming languages to create logic through which the frontend will communicate with the database. It provides functionality to your website or web application. As discussed above, you can choose any programming language that you like.
Databases Every web application needs a database where the customer data can be stored. The database stores the site content and data in a way that makes it simple to recover, alter, modify and arrange the information. The various databases in the market are SQL Server, MongoDB, Oracle, PostgreSQL, etc.
Servers Every website or application you see today is hosted on a remote PC known as a server. So, it becomes crucial that you become familiar with servers, how they work, and how you can deploy your web application.
APIs API stands for Application Programming Interface, a medium through which two devices talk. APIs take a client or user’s request and send it to the server, which then returns a response based on the request. Backend developers create APIs using different languages and frameworks, including Python, NodeJS, etc. The two most recognized positions for API information are JSON and XML.

What are the Roles and Responsibilities of a Backend Developer?

The responsibilities of a backend developer include writing APIs, interacting with the database, debugging, creating libraries, and improving the data architecture of the web application.

The daily roles and responsibilities of a backend developer in any organization are

  • Coordinate with the front end developer and develop server-side algorithms to transfer data efficiently.
  • Collaborate with Project Managers and Quality Assurance to optimize the code.
  • Building the architecture while keeping the applications’ speed, scalability and stability.
  • Implementing security structures in the application.
  • Writing code that is reusable.
  • Handling all the bugs and errors.
  • Testing the application before deploying it on servers.

We have discussed the pros and cons of all the commonly used languages in the field of backend development. We recommend you pick a language and start implementing it. Instead of memorizing the concepts, start building a website and apply the concepts and code fundamentals. The more you put your knowledge to use, the more you’ll gain practical knowledge.

Frequently Asked Questions About Backend Web Development

Where to learn about backend web development?

You can find the documentation for all these technologies on their website, where you can explore all the basics. There are a lot of platforms like GeeksforGeeks, Tutorialspoint, Udemy, and Coursera, where you can find all the information to get started.

You can also look out for coding boot camps to work on real-time projects and gain practical knowledge.

Which are the top courses of backend web development?

Here is the list of top courses for backend web development that you can go for.

  1. Server-side Development with NodeJS, Express, and MongoDB | Coursera
  2. Complete Backend Development 2022 bundle- Python Roadmap | Udemy
  3. Backend Engineer Certificate Course | Codecademy
  4. Full Stack Javascript Developer Nanodegree Program | Udacity

Is backend web development hard to learn?

It totally depends on you and the time and effort you are ready to put in. If you are dedicated and practice coding daily, it will take somewhere between 6 months to 1 year.

What is server-side software?

Server-side software is a program that enables developers to use sessions, essentially a mechanism that allows a server to store information about the current user of a site and send different responses based on that information.

What is a full-stack developer?

The full-stack developers are the people who can create both client and server software. They are proficient in both frontend and backend technologies. They can create an entire web application from designing to hosting it on the servers.

What are version control systems?

Version control systems are used to manage and control a project. Version control stores, tracks, and updates changes to a master copy of the project that multiple people might be working on. VCS helps developers to work smarter and faster. Some examples of version control systems are Github, Gitlab, AWS CodeCommit etc.

Ready to Start with Web Development

Becoming a backend developer is a very rewarding career now. But it is essential that you follow the right steps, or you will waste valuable time and money.

You must be open to continuous learning as technology keeps evolving daily. After all, even successful developers are continuously learning and updating themselves.

Keep it simple, focus on practical knowledge, and write as much code as possible. With enough practice, you’ll feel much more confident.
Still have doubts?

You can contact Monocubed to develop the right web solution for your company. Our web developers can provide expert guidance throughout the website development process if you require assistance.

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Jeel Patel

Written by

Jeel Patel

Jeel Patel is the Founder of Monocubed and is the main curator & writer of the content found on this site. With ideals of quality, commitment, and perseverance, he believes in creating lasting business relationships with the clients.