A Detailed Comparison of 10 Popular Web Development Framework

When you decide to develop any kind of web application, the first thing you will do is start looking for the most successful web developers.  Definitely, you will consider the developers who are fast, adaptive, and reliable. 

They use a web development framework or other web development tools that make the tasks faster, efficient, and convenient.

There are a lot of things that you and the developer have to take into consideration while choosing programming languages, and at the same time, you need to keep an eye on the latest happenings in the technology world. 

In this article, for comparative analysis, we are going to discuss the most popular web development frameworks and tools.

Web application frameworks have changed the world of programming language and become significantly important in each web app development process. 

A software framework simply automates the procedure of the most significant feature of an application that contains coding. 

Let’s understand what web development frameworks and models are and the comparison of its different forms before discussing the top web development frameworks.

What is A Web Framework?

What is a Web Framework?

A web development framework or web application framework is a software tool that is designed to build and run web apps such as web services, web servers, web sources, web portals, and web APIs.

Reusability of pre-written code snippets, and customizable templates and menu elements, is encouraged by most frameworks to enable rapid development and increase your productivity.

As a result, programmers don’t have to write code on their own and waste their time and effort searching for possible computation errors and bugs. 

In fact, various popular web frameworks and models offer libraries for templating, session management, static file server, testing framework, and database access. Due to these reasons, it frequently endorses writing code reloading and reuse.

In the old era, web developers used to have all the web applications that were hand-coded and they can be changed or edited by the developer only. 

Web server languages appeared when all the troubles occurred and the developer community struggled to maintain the appearance of high performance. Even changing the structure of web pages was cumbersome after the code was written once.

Programming languages such as PHP, NodeJS, and Java emerged for server side development to ease the process of developing and maintaining an application.

These helped creation of the popular web development framework that developers rely so much on today. Lets look at the different types of frameworks for web development.

What Are The Different Types of Web Development Frameworks?

Now, there are various forms of web frameworks and models available in the market for both static and dynamic web applications and pages. 

Depending on your business requirements and goals, you can take the decision of choosing which type of framework is suitable from the below-mentioned example for your web application development. 

Types of Web Development Framework

There are two kinds of web frameworks:

  • Server-side (Backend)
  • Client-side (Frontend)

Basically, the background, inner workings of the application is the work of the backend framework, and what a user sees when they open the application, called frontend, which is the external part of a web application framework. 

Below is a detailed web framework comparison along with a curated list of some popular client-side and server-side web frameworks.

Server-side (Backend) Frameworks

Server side or Backend frameworks are for the backend development of websites and web applications. They control the database, the application logic, the payment methods, the security and server configurations.

With the backend framework rules and simple architecture, a developer’s productivity can be increased as they can create simple web page, landings, and different forms of databases with existing templates. 

In fact, developers and contributors can also shape the output results and help them improve the security mistakes occurring due to cross-site scripting in web development.

Form validation is also a beneficial functionality provided by server side web framework for people requiring the user to input data structures that are estimated to meet definite necessities. 

After all, to develop web applications with the goal of having an interactive interface, everyone will require a wider functionality and event handling. 

Server side (Backend) Frameworks

In other words, all kinds of elements can definitely help you and developers simplify the process.  Server-side development frameworks work mostly individually but play an important role in application growth. 

Here is our list of the top backend web development frameworks-

  1. Ruby on Rails Framework

    Ruby on Rails (RoR) is a model view controller (MVC) framework written in Ruby programming language created by David Heinemeier Hansson

    It is known to be a beginner-friendly framework as it aids them to start web application development quite rapidly. Ruby on Rails presents various tools, an abundant size of libraries and databases in order to lessen the amount of time. 

    It is also great on test automation which is a remarkable feature to check the quality of the software framework.

    RoR is used for building cloud-based web applications like Pixlr, or social networking websites like ASKfm, and many such varied kinds of platforms.

    GitHub, Shopify, Hulu, Airbnb are some of the examples of big companies that use Ruby on Rails and are thriving. 

    There are countless beneficial gems of Ruby on Rails and library-like dependencies that emphasize on the topics of the view layer and enhance the functionalities of your sites. 

    This facilitates the ability to build apps faster and more competently.  The community of Rails is quite friendly and reliable, and many resources and tutorials assist you to become an expert in much less time.

  2. ExpressJS Framework

    ExpressJS is easy to use and maintain, particularly if you previously have knowledge of Node.Js.  Simplicity and speed are the chief ideologies of this Node.js API development framework. 

    It delivers some essential topics without concealing the traits of Node and forces a robust presentation of asynchronous Node.js. 

    Express is also pretty flexible and aids in developing web applications, complete websites, web pages, and REST API.

    Nowadays, Express.js is swiftly becoming one of the best frameworks for web development. It is used widely by big companies like IBM, Uber, Accenture, to name a few. 

    Out of various open-source web frameworks, Express.js includes a huge number of exceptional web development tools and numerous solutions that can be created with just a few code lines.

    It is also well-suited with supplementary frameworks like Sails, Loopback, and Kraken.  You can augment HTTP and middleware technique routes, such as put, get, post, and something for that context, to a router like an application. 

  3. Laravel Framework

    Laravel uses the PHP language and is a free and open-source web development framework.  Laravel is backed by API support and it comprises a number of PHP components and packages that could outspread its influence. 

    Laravel 5.2 adds improvements to the websites by providing implicit model binding, multiple authentication driver support, simplified eloquent global scopes, and middleware groups.

    It also comes equipped with opt-in authentication scaffolding, array validation improvements, rate limiting middleware, and more, that makes it ideal for Ecommerce websites.

    This model view controller (MVC) architectural pattern framework, created by Taylor Otwell, has sought the place of the most popular PHP frameworks.

    Laracasts are screencasts tutorials websites with copious videos on Laravel, front-end technologies, and PHP frameworks in the Laravel environment that could be beneficial for any beginner.

    Entire Laravel source codes can be fetched through GitHub under the terms and conditions of the MIT license.

     It is comparatively a fresh concept as compared to the other examples on the list here. Thus, Laravel is one of the best web development frameworks for a quick and efficient web application.

  4. Spring Framework

    Spring is based on Java and has an MVC framework developed by Pivotal software.  The foremost purpose of this framework is the capabilities to make the formation of J2EE applications. 

    Its organized architecture and HTTP Post simplifies the whole procedure a lot. Many prominent corporations appreciate the benefits of Spring model view controller (MVC) and controller classes. 

    BillGuard, Wix, and TicketMaster are a few amongst them using the lightweight and minimalistic approach of Spring for building robust websites.

    It is a lightweight container and offers API responses for numerous domains which is highly advantageous to websites and web developers. 

    Spring framework features have the advantages of retaining many parallel projects and enhancing its functionality that facilitate you in scaling up your business response speedily. 

    Its exemplary features such as the employment of Java, a powerfully typed programming language, makes it one of the best web development frameworks.

  5. Django Framework

    Django is based on the Python full-stack web framework and is open-source.  This model view template pattern is considered to be one of the best architecture design for web frameworks.

    It supports Python version 3.4 and database access and produces an admin panel for constructing the websites built with Python language.

    Its batteries-included trait offers a variety of properties that consist of messaging and authentication.  It follows the Convention over Configuration philosophy and DRY concepts

    Django web framework offers tools and devices for developers to form a secure website, handle user accounts, and implement security features in the framework itself, like averting code performance in the templates layer.

    Instagram, YouTube, Pinterest, and Google are just some of the top companies that use Django framework for developing websites.


Client-side (Frontend) Frameworks

Frontend development focuses on the creation of an enriching user experience. The frontend web framework enables the manipulation of look and feel of your website so as to specially cater to the preferences of your viewers.

Contrasting to the backend, client-side frameworks have no connection with business logic.  It only works inside the web browser. 

Thus, it gives an opportunity for the improvements of the website and the implementation of new web and user interfaces. 

In fact, with such front-end web app frameworks, developers can create various animated features for single-page web applications. Adding creative graphics and creating a brand for your company. 

Since frontend tools mainly work with the browsers, managing server requests, building a user interface, and handling thousands of user requests are the basic requirements from a frontend framework.

Each client-side (frontend) framework has different deployment and links. While some are just libraries of UI components, others come equipped with form validations, database manipulations and interactions with backend for a more complete approach to the website development.

Here are the views on some of the most popular web frameworks for frontend development.

Client side (Frontend) Frameworks
  1. React Framework

    Although several developers treat it like a framework, React is a JavaScript frontend library. 

    React.js is considered to be one of the most popular frameworks for web development, owing to its ground-breaking component-based architectural pattern that the others started using later. 

    This MVC framework was established and maintained by Facebook and Instagram and Facebook still uses it in many of its products.

    React.js features permit comparative straightforward and quick user interface formation which is its central purpose of usage.

    Another important feature of React, is React Fiber. It is a completely backward-compatible rewrite of the old reconciliation algorithm.

    React Fiber is changing the core of React from its representation of the DOM tree to stack callbacks. It introduces React developers to an easier way of introducing animations, layouts, and gestures.

    On top of this, React.js also employs JCX syntax which makes the DOM manipulation faster than it typically is

    One of its focal application parts is its interface creation, and also mobile application development for Android and iOS.

  2. Flutter Framework

    Flutter is completely JavaScript-free as it is a framework written in Dart, a language created by Google for building server-side web apps for a desktop application. 

    It is a Google product that can be implemented to develop mobile iOS and Android applications, as well as to create network applications for Google Fuchsia OS. 

    Tencent, Google, and Alibaba are amongst the various websites that use Flutter.

    Furthermore, this language does not require any UI components as they were applied in Flutter previously.  That is how games and other web applications written in this framework attain their greatest speed. 

    In addition to this, the widgets are supplied only when it is needed.  The Hot-Reload scheme aids the platform to re-create and focus the widget tree from the beginning.

  3. Ember Framework

    Ember.js is one of the most trusted JavaScript web development frameworks. This MVC framework was released in 2011 and has been quickly gaining and growing more influence in the tech world. 

    Its community is massive, and it is continuously expanding, with its new features and release that are added regularly. 

    Ember has a 2-way user data migration utility and binding that Angular claims, and it offers numerous traits and components that you can deploy explicitly. 

    Google, Heroku, Netflix, and Microsoft use this unique framework frequently in their websites and other web products.

    Ember eliminates tasks that require much time and adopts JavaScript practices in its central design.  This language lets you make assets out of functions which is quite advantageous when it comes to functioning with bindings.

    The core characteristics are its advanced version management system, support of both the most modern standards and older technologies, and strict organization. 

  4. Vue.js Framework

    Vue.js is quickly becoming to be the most popular JavaScript framework.  It is an advanced framework that permits you to adapt Vue for one section of the existing idea and rest everything would run as stated originally. 

    Owing to its simple construction, it solves any complexity easily. Vuejs features also render the component-based design to run, and the ecosystem can aid you to develop frontend applications. 

    Still, some do not use this portion of the framework. The big companies like Google or Facebook do not support this language, but that is rapidly altering as other big names are starting to capitalize in Vue.

    Its lightwight, minimalistic, efficnent approach to building frontend is fast gaining traction. The many list of its features includes Virtual DOM, two-way data binding, simplicity and flexibility.

    There are also many frameworks for Vue development available in the market. It is no surprise that in such a short time, Vue has become a part of the top 3 JavaScript frameworks, including long-standing React and Angular.

  5. Angular Framework

    Angular is considered to be one of the best front-end development concentrating on developing rich Single-Page applications.  It is a vivacious framework that has the ability to develop complete client-side apps. 

    Angularjs 1.x is used in JavaScript (JS), but the later releases adapted TypeScript, which is a superset of JS.  It was developed by Google, and PayPal, Microsoft, and Google use it

    It needs less care and presents high-level performance because of its rich features such as dependency injection and 2-way data binding. 

    Some other characteristics that boost productivity and speed are command-line tools (CLI) and template syntax that sanctions quick prototyping.


Comparison of Top 5 Backend Web Frameworks

The following table depicts a detailed comparison of backend web frameworks that can be explained by considering its pros and cons.

Backend Frameworks Pros Cons
Ruby on Rails
  • Preferred for prototyping
  • Easy processes of test automation
  • Rapid application development
  • MVC framework and varied libraries and tools access
  • Absence of appropriate citations
  • Sluggish ways of boot-time
  • Not preferred for huge applications
ExpressJS
  • Provides packages for building API
  • Flexible
  • Simple
  • Obstructive error message
  • Not preferable for heavy applications or any complexity
  • Default several call-backs
Laravel
  • Fast-building cycle
  • Well-documented details
  • Offers convention over configuration and MVC framework
  • Large development community on GitHub
  • Provides packaging scheme with a devoted dependency manager
  • Developers may face problem while execution
  • A new web app development platform
  • Reverse routing becomes very difficult
Spring
  • Flexible nature
  • A good choice for Java applications
  • It’s the easiest alternative to collaborate with various other programs
  • Can be a bit unbalanced
  • Complex to learn
Django
  • Secure
  • A great choice for MVP
  • Offers flexibility and scalability
  • Well documented collection
  • Monolithic
  • May not be the fastest one

Comparison of Top 5 Frontend Web Frameworks

The following table depicts a detailed comparison of frontend web frameworks that can be explained by considering its pros and cons. These frameworks aid in frontend web development by providing tools and functionalities for a rich user interface.

Backend Frameworks Pros Cons
React
  • Extensive tool set
  • MVC framework and components are installed
  • Computer-generated DOM for an enhanced browsing experience
  • Single-direction code flow for a steady code
  • Marginally verbose in nature, less straightforward than JavaScript
  • No clear document
Flutter
  • One of the best choices for MVP
  • Offers Hot Reload responses
  • Supports cross-platform development
  • Needs less code
  • Supports only mobile apps
  • Contains limited libraries
  • Offers less support for Android TV and Apple TV apps
Ember
  • Rapid development
  • Utilization of accessors for high performance
  • Possess its own debugger
  • MVC framework and well-documented
  • Has a slow rendering
  • Not preferred for small projects
  • Complex to learn
Vue.js
  • Easy to discover errors
  • Rapid building approach
  • Simple to assimilate with other applications
  • Clearly documented
  • It is way too flexible
  • Does not contain several stable components
Angular
  • Preferred for prototyping and MVPs
  • Quick development approach
  • Best for building single-page apps
  • Simple to transcribe tests
  • Provides Typescript support for building huge apps
  • May possess trouble loading huge quantities of data
  • Absence of CLI documentation
  • Difficult to learn

Things to Check Before Choosing a Web Framework

Apart from the above-listed frameworks, if we elaborate on ASP.NET, we realize that it is an open source web framework that functions on Windows, Linux, and macOS. 

It uses WPF, Windows Forms, and UWP to develop Windows apps.  With .NET framework, you do not require to transfer a present app, such as writing a novel service in ASP.NET Core. 

The features like ASP.NET Web Pages, Language support, ASP.NET Web Forms, WCF services implementation, Workflow-related services which are inaccessible for .NET Core, can certainly be obtainable by .NET core.

However, the intent to choose the right framework for web development will depend on many different factors and ideas that you need to consider before moving ahead and investing the cost required. 

To save your time and effort below is the criteria that you need to consider before selecting an ideal web framework for your upcoming activities involved in the project:

  • How old is the development framework?
  • Is it an open source option?       
  • Consideration of licensing
  • Documents and plugins availability
  • Ease of beginners, start-up and learning curve patterns 
  • Options of default unit testing systems
  • Security and protection features
  • Future application maintenance, trends, and support

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the frameworks in web application development?

The framework for web app development has a software bundle or tool that is designed to help the procedure of web apps such as web services, web resources, webpages, browsers, and web APIs. Developers’ teams use top website development frameworks and models to provide a convenient manner to develop and deploy web applications on the internet.

What are the kinds of web frameworks?

There are two kinds of frameworks available: one is server-side (backend) and another is client-side (frontend). Backend frameworks function in an inside part of the application and frontend framework and link as an external section of the web application majorly what users and customers view when they open an application.

Which is the best web application framework for web design?

Every framework has its uniqueness that is why developers use it. In this situation, telling which is the best framework for web development of websites among various frameworks and models is very difficult. Defining the best development framework completely depends on your enterprise requirement and the project needs.


Conclusion

As we have discussed, the frontend and backend web development frameworks act as an important element in developing web pages and web applications and there are some of the most popular web frameworks that you can choose for your upcoming project. 

No doubt the selection of the best web development framework for a website must be based on the details of a specific project. For every enterprise and every person thinking about a web application framework, they may hold different influences. 

If you are unsure where to start or are stuck in the middle procedure, Monocubed, a professional web application development company can help you and your team with your web projects.

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