What are the Basic Fundamentals of Web Development?

Want to become a web developer, but not sure where to start?

Do you think web development is hard?

With the growth of the usefulness of websites, the interest to learn about web development is on the rise. The future of web development is promising as there are number of employees being hired by companies every year to create websites.

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So let us start with the fundamentals of web development. The fundamentals include HTML, JavaScript, and CSS which explain what web development is.

At the end of this blog, you will learn:

  • What are the fundamentals of web development?
  • Types of web development.
  • Tools used for web development.

Let’s get started.

What is Web Development?

In simple terms, web development includes web designing, development, and maintenance of a website.

Web developers develops websites, ensuring that they function properly in a way to provide good experience. Web developers do this by writing codes, using various programming languages depending on the task they perform.

If you want to know how to become a web developer– we have written a detailed blog for you.

Let us understand what are the web development fundamentals a web developer should know.

3 Important Fundamentals of Web Development

Having a thorough understanding of web development basics is essential for a person to become an expert web developer. Three technologies that rule the world of web development are,

  • HTML
  • CSS
  • JavaScript

Every site on the internet is developed with them. Let’s understand the importance of each in detail.

  1. HTML or HyperText Markup Language

    HTML is a markup language and is used to write codes that make up a webpage. HTML uses tags, which are keywords telling the browser to display and format the information on the page, such as images, text, and videos.

  2. CSS or Cascading Style Sheets

    CSS is a set of rules that describe how to format text, images, videos, and other elements on a web page. Used to style web pages and their layout, CSS allows a web page to look consistent and professional. It is also used to make mobile-friendly, interactive sites that look great on any device. The benefit of inserting CSS into HTML is that CSS creates highly scalable designs.

  3. JavaScript

    JavaScript is an object-oriented programming language designed for web development. Being a general-purpose programming language, JavaScript is used to write programs that interact with other computers and web pages, and access codes. JavaScript is also leveraged for a variety of innovations in the development field, such as developing games, 2D and 3D puzzles, and in-browser games. Mastering web development fundamentals—HTML, CSS, and JavaScript—is crucial. Highlighting the benefits of effective software testing ensures robust, error-free web applications, enhancing the user experience and project success.

    JavaScript is used in many applications, including web browsers, email programs, third-party APIs, and mobile applications such as Google and Bing maps. Most of the top websites uses JavaScript to build compelling web app solution.

    Once you have a good understanding of these topics, you can dig deeper by learning the web development tools in detail.

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Now that you have learned the fundamentals of web development, next comes the frameworks or technologies of web development.

3 Types of Web Development

Web development is majorly divided into three types:

  • Front-End Web Development
  • Back-End Web Development
  • Full Stack Web Development

Let’s understand each in development.

Let us give you insights into different technologies used for web development.

  1. What is Front-end Development?

    Front-end development involves building user interfaces and elements that are intuitive and responsive to the needs of visitors on the browser. Using the best front-end frameworks the developers develop an appealing site for the users.

    Client-side web development is a combination of engineering and web design. For example, when readers come to a website to read a blog, the blog must appeal visually to the readers so that they stay on the site.

  2. What is Back-end Development?

    Back-end development, also known as service-side, is the process of building and maintaining a website’s back-end functions, such as content management, contact forms, server integration, account creation, and database management.

    Back-end website developers build these systems using the best back-end frameworks.

    Server-side developers work alongside web designers to create a system that can be used by everyone who visits the site.

    Back-end website developers also write custom PHP and Java scripts for specific tasks, like code that generates tax reports or changes data in online databases.

  3. What is Full-stack Development?

    Typically, back-end website development and front-end development are carried out by different professionals with expertise in each.

    When the web solution is developed by a single developer who has experience with both front-end and back-end, it is called full-stack development.

    Most of the full-stack web development companies prefer to hire a full-stack developer with comprehensive insight and understanding, you can surely become one.

    Let us increase your knowledge by discussing the tools a web developer uses.

5 Web Development Tools to Streamline the Web Development Process

Having strong skills in website development is not enough. To make your website development fundamentals even more creative, a web developer must know a host of website development tools.

These tools help make the development process easier and streamlined for better results.

Some of the commonly used web development tools are:

  1. Sublime Text – Text Code Editor to Edit Multiple Files

  2. Sublime Text is a source code editor that combines a text editor and an integrated development environment. It is a great choice for programmers who want to work in a more natural way as it has many features making it easy to use.

    The most notable feature is the ability to write code using the keyboard and edit the written code. This makes writing and editing text much more comfortable with Sublime Text than with other editors, and it also makes it easier to type long scripts.

  3. GitHub – Code Hosting Platform for Control and Collabration

  4. An open-source software project, GitHub allows web developers to work together on a range of website development projects with ease. Mastering the use of GitHub is one of the best practices to grow as a web developer as it is a prerequisite in any website development program.

    With GitHub, you can:

    • Ensure easy project management
    • Review and improve the quality of the written code
    • Use a practical approach to development
    • Safety support of the code in HTML

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  5. jQuery – Simplifies JavaScript Programming

  6. jQuery is a JavaScript library for creating web applications. It is used to create dynamic websites and applications that respond based on the devices users are on.

    jQuery has a range of resources to help engineers create dynamic websites and applications that can be updated rapidly without having to worry about coding or coding errors. It is used in many different applications, including websites, apps, and games by both developers and software engineers.

  7. Visual Studio Code – Builds and Debugs Web Application

  8. Visual Studio Code is a set of tools to build, debug, test, and maintain websites. It’s a great tool for website engineers who need to develop websites quickly and easily.

    The Visual Studio kit is the most popular among the other kits because it provides all the tools serious programmers need to build and debug your website.

    The tool also offers a number of other resources for software engineering, such as,

    • Free online help and support coverage
    • An online community
    • An online documentation system
  9. CodeKit – Automatically Compiles Languages

  10. CodeKit is free, open-source software that allows you to create and manage your code. It is a simple way to organize and share code, and it can be used by anyone, regardless of their coding experience.

    CodeKit helps website developers:

    • Create projects from scratch
    • Importing existing projects
    • Develop code snippets in any coding language like HTML
    • Write source code in any scripting language, such as Java

Still have doubt? Let’s understand frequently asked questions about web development.

FAQ on Fundamentals of Web Development

  1. Can I become a full-stack web developer with client-side development skills?

    While skills in these scripting languages can help you start your career, you need to pick up back-end skills in PHP and Java to become a full-stack developer.

  2. How can I become a skilled website developer?

    You need to develop valuable skills and insights in the field and practice them over many projects. The more you practice, the better you can get in any sort of website development.

  3. Should I learn about servers and hosting to become a developer?

    Yes. You need to understand how servers work and allied concepts such as Linux and windows servers to become a full-scale website developer.

  4. What is most important in web development?

    If you want to become a web developer, you need to start with learning HTML, CSS and JavaScript. Developing excellence in these frameworks will make your foundation strong.

  5. Which are the essential skills a web developer should have?

    • Update with the latest trends and frameworks.
    • Understand the client’s business and the industry.
    • Know the user’s need to develop better.
    • Communicate with peers to gain more knowledge.
  6. Can I do web development without JavaScript?

    No. You cannot build a website without JavaScript. It gives multiple forms of user interaction which is not possible with HTML and CSS alone. If the client’s business relies on user interaction, JavaScript works better on the client-side to implement it.

Kickstart Your Web Development Career

Having strong fundamentals of web development is a must for aspiring developers. Apart from acquiring programming skills, you must pick up a few skills in web design and current development frameworks to make your profile more impressive. You also need to learn the most vital trends in the field and stay updated.

There are many certificate courses and training programs offered by leading teachers and professionals in web programming that you can take up. We hope that the post offers you a thorough and comprehensive overview of the fundamentals of web development.

Jeel Patel

Written by

Jeel Patel

Jeel Patel is the Founder of Monocubed and is the main curator & writer of the content found on this site. With ideals of quality, commitment, and perseverance, he believes in creating lasting business relationships with the clients.