Django vs Node.js: A Comparative Analysis

by
Comparitive analysis between Django and Node.JS

Numerous programming languages have been constructed, and more are being composed with the passing years.  The narration of a programming language is typically divided into two components – syntax (form) and semantics (meaning).  For example, C programming language is characterized by a specific document, while other languages, such as Perl, have a preeminent implementation, and is considered as a reference.  A few languages have both, with the fundamental language construed by a pattern and extensions derived from the preeminent implementation being universal.  If we talk particularly on Django vs Node.js, both are weighed as dynamic technologies for structuring flexible web and mobile apps with an exceptional user interface.

While forming a project or developing an app, it is imperative to select an appropriate programming language.  We understand that every project requires a few specifications, and hence, we have to code it with the most suitable technology. Both these technologies, Django and Node.js, are open to all and are available for free, without any licensing. They are used in countless huge projects and do have a vast web community.

A Brief About The Frameworks

The main difference between Django and Node.js is that Django administers Python applications in a given framework of the time-limit to facilitate web developers fabricate applications timely and more swiftly.  Both these technologies got equal fame and are versatile, making it a baffling situation for developers to decide which technology will be a fit for their upcoming project.

With this blog, we aim to provide an extensive review and evaluation of Django vs Node.js.  Let us understand the similarities and dissimilarities of these JavaScript and Python frameworks that you consider for your next project.  Get started with the ideal toolkit and enhance your efficiency in web development, to triumph a cost-efficient project within a limited time frame.

What is Django?

What is Django?

Django is a Python-based open-source web framework that intends to follow model-template-view (MVC) architectural model.  The key features are as follows: 

  • Django was released publically in 2005.
  • Its framework is based on Python and is primarily designed to warrant rapid web development.
  • The developers have to abide by stringent rules and formalized schemes for project execution.  Although this limits creativity to some extent, it assures a definite code, uncomplicated application architecture, and fewer errors and bugs on the product.
  • It has a main focus on high-level processes, abstracting the low-level ones.
  • Every Django project can comprise of a particular or several internal applications.
  • All that is required to learn Django, is the basic understanding of Python (what is python used for).
  • After considering each feature, pros and cons of Django, still it is easy to move an internal app to a novel project.
  • For design prototype, Model Template View (MTV) is employed.  Other than the template component, it is identical to Model View Controller (MVC) model.  Model grants access to data, to excerpt, and alter it, while Template presents how data is exhibited to users.  View acts as a link between Model and Template that traces a range of user actions and illustrates the changes needed to be incorporated in the Model. 

What is Node.js?

What is NodeJS?

Node.js is an open-source and cross-platform.  It has a JavaScript runtime environment that renders JavaScript code outside a web portal.  Node.js allows developers to utilize JavaScript to note down command line tools and for server-side scripting – functioning scripts server-side to yield vibrant web page content, even before the page is directed to user’s web browser.  Subsequently, Node.js, as a JavaScript model, unites web-application development around a distinct programming language, instead of diverse languages for server-side and client-side scripts.  Its key features are as follows:

  • Node.js was released in 2009. It was primarily based on JavaScript, C, and C++.
  • It is extremely flexible due to its enormous range of free libraries and extensions.  According to your preference and goal of your project, you can modify the development environment.
  • It accelerated progress in JavaScript (JS) development, providing new opportunities to JavaScript specialists.  This is reasonably a simple programming language that is generally captured in a client-side browser.
  • Additionally, it can be applied to the backend development, which states that the whole app can be produced with JS. The information and expertise required for full-stack developers have emerged, and an ambitious programmer can commence launching his or her own app faster, without getting to study extra composite technologies. 
  • You can master Node.js if you have basic familiarity with JavaScript. 
  • After considering each feature, pros and cons of Node.js, any event-driven model can form links between events in a specific browser and on server-side, and can flag the attainment of diverse processes.  In a browser, fragments of HTML code can exercise as subjects, while any JS function can operate as an observer. 

Django vs Node.JS: A Comparative Analysis

The difference between Django and Node.js is as illustrated below:

FactorsDjangoNode.JS
Initial Release 2005 2009
Developed on Python JavaScript, C, and C++
Key aspect Web development framework JS runtime environment
Architecture MTV model Event-driven model
Security Django is more secure than Node.JS; as it has a built-in system, protecting from any security failure. Node.JS is not as secured as Django, as it needs manual operation in the system to administer security flaws.
Performance Django gives better performance, owing to a built-in house template system promoting the execution of a vital task promptly. Node.JS performance is also good, as it permits web professionals with more liberty when it comes to implementations. But this inflates the overall time needed to produce an application.
Complexity It is more complex than Node.JS. Here, a developer has to adhere to a specific pathway for working out any problem. It is less complicated than Django. Here, a developer is allowed to solve any problem as he or she wants.
Cost-efficiency It is more dynamic and gives fast speed, making it more cost-effective. It is much easier to learn but absorbs more functioning time, making it a less cost-effective alternative.
Reputation It has a substantial reputation. With the steady growth in popularity, Node.JS might soon turn out to be a preferred framework.
Community Django has a fairly active yet small community. Node.JS has an active community with qualified users to aid you on latest updates and modifications.
Opportunities for Full-stack development It doesn’t offer full-stack development. Due to its proficiencies to make both, frontend and backend parts of an app, by one programming language – JavaScript, Node.JS is one of the most opted technologies for web application development.
Flexibility It provides a definite flexibility and has severe development features. With JavaScript library, various tools and features are available in Node.JS. You can even make a JS-based app from scratch.

Companies that use Django

Some of the giant Django players in the market that have made an exceptional use of this framework and have helped them evolve and expand are as follow: 

1. Disqus

Disqus is the biggest project so far created on the Django framework from scratch. The website permits you to execute comments and discuss alternatives on your website. It gives easy-to-use plug-in for comments, evaluates audience movement, and enables tools used for customer engagement. Approximately 750,000 sites using Disqus, with about 35 million users, participate in a community of nearly 500 million.

2. YouTube

A ‘video-sharing platform’ that needs no introduction is YouTube.  With a rapid increase in the number of audiences, its team chose Django framework which helped their developers to add new features required and to retain the website’s speed.

3. Instagram

Instagram, being the most popular Python-based video and photo-sharing social network, requires dispensing massive data and governing a giant number of interactions between users at every second.  The Django framework aids in supplying ready-to-implement solutions which allow its developers to concentrate on UI and UX of the app, and not worry about its backend technology.  There are over 1 billion people using Instagram every month, and according to eMarketer, the prediction is that its network would reach 117.2 million users solely in the U.S. by 2021.

Also, it uses Sentry tool, which is developed by Disqus, to supervise and discover errors across the system timely.  The list doesn’t end here.  There are some more popular companies like Spotify, BitBucket, Dropbox, Mozilla, Pinterest, The Washington Post, to name a few, using Django and getting benefitted.

Companies that use Node.js

Many popular companies have sought to use Node.js for building – social media applications, video and text-chant engines, tracking apps, and myriad online games.

1. Paypal

Paypal is one of the biggest and most well-renowned mediums for Internet payments.  It has been deploying Node.js to fabricate the consumer-facing side of its web app.  There were 325 million active PayPal accounts in the world, during the first quarter of 2020, which represents a 17% growth per annum.

2. LinkedIn

LinkedIn, a social network that primarily focuses on professional networking and career development, has over 50 million companies listed and 20 million active job listings, as of May 2020. It uses Node.js to strengthen the server-side of LinkedIn’s mobile app.  This framework has augmented the speed of mobile apps, thus letting it develop more customer engagement.

3. Netflix

Netflix is the biggest provider of video streaming including movies and series, inclusive of those that are produced in-house.  It has around 182 million paid subscriptions, globally, as of April 2020, including 69 million in the United States.  Its user interface is built with Node as its engineers were firm to use Node.js to deliver a fast, lightweight, and modular application.

Apart from these, there are prominent companies like Uber, eBay, Yahoo, GoDaddy, Walmart, Medium, to name a few, utilizing Node.js on backend of their apps, owing to its easy scalability, better efficiency, highly extensible, and high performance.

The Quest: Django vs Node.js

Django VS NodeJS - Which is Better

Django and Node JS both are budding technologies that can be used as per the precise requirements of the developer or project.  There is no definite response to the question, ‘Which is better – Django or Node.JS?’  You must cautiously analyze and match all the features of the technologies to accomplish your needs for app development.  For example, to state Node.js vs Django, the latter is a great option if you consider employing a relational database, copious external libraries, are chiefly concerned about security, and need to build the app promptly.  On the other hand, you can use Node.js if you got a nonparallel stack from server, want great performance, aim on structuring features from scratch, and need an application that carries out heavy lifting of client-side processing.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Django vs Node.js, Which is better?

These two technologies, Django or Node.js, cannot be really compared to one another. There isn’t any thumb rule to follow and decide which of the two technologies can be used for web and mobile app development. Both have vast scalability and performance. If you want high scalability, Django is preferred and if you require high performance, you must use Node.js framework.

2. What is Django QuerySet?

A collection from the database is usually termed as QuerySet in Django. It is used by Django Object-relational Mapper. When you use models to avail a single record or a group of records from database, they are returned as QuerySets.

3. Where exactly is Node.js used?

Node.js is used in an array of domains and is well regarded in the design of the listed concepts:

  • Product Ideation
  • Product Design and Architecture
  • Product Development
  • Product Launch
  • Product Realization and Future Upgrades

Conclusion

The success of any web app development is hugely dependent on methods and tools that your team would use.  Both, Node.js and Django web framework, are advanced technologies that would be a benefit for your stack.  The fact is that there is no simple answer to this question, ‘Django or Node.js?’  because they both have a huge variety of tools available.  Comparing Node.js vs Django, if you have to choose one, you must focus on the requirements of the project.  When the client wants a basic and effortlessly running app promptly, Django should be preferred; and there is a need to customize the development environment to form a distinctive JavaScript-based application, Node.js should be preferred.

Author Bio

Jigar Mistry

Jigar Mistry is the Founder of Monocubed and is the main curator and writer of the content found on this site. He has 14+ years of experience in the information technology industry. He always believes in quality, in terms of code and application.

Sign up for weekly updates from Monocubed.