Django vs Node.js: A Comparative Analysis

by Jigar Mistry
Comparitive analysis between Django and Node.JS

Numerous programming languages have been constructed, and many are being composed with the passing years.  The narration of a language is typically divided into two components – syntax (form) and semantics (meaning).  For example, C programming language is characterized by a specific document, while other languages, such as Perl have a preeminent implementation, and is considered as a reference.  A few languages have both, with the fundamental language construed by a pattern and extensions derived from the preeminent implementation being universal.  If we talk particularly on Django vs. Node.js, both are weighed as dynamic technologies for structuring flexible web and mobile apps with an exceptional user interface.

While developing an app, it is imperative to select an appropriate programming language.  We understand that every project requires a few specifications, and hence, we have to code it with the most suitable technology. Both, Django and Node.js, are open to all and are available for free, without any licensing. They are used in countless projects and do have a vast web community.

A Brief About The Frameworks

The main difference between Django and Node.js is that Django administers Python applications in a given framework of the time-limit to facilitate web developers fabricate applications timely and more swiftly; whereas Node.js, which is based on JavaScript, is used on client-side web applications.  Both these technologies got equal fame and are versatile, making it a baffling situation for developers to decide which technology will be a fit for their upcoming project.

With this blog, we aim to provide an extensive review and evaluation of Django vs Node js.  Let us understand the similarities and dissimilarities of these JavaScript and Python frameworks that you consider for your next project.  Get started with the ideal toolkit and enhance your efficiency in web development, to triumph a cost-efficient scheme within a limited timeframe.

What is Django?

What is Django?

Django is a Python-based open-source web framework that intends to follow model-template-view (MVC) architectural model.  The key features are as follows: 

  • Its framework is based on Python and is primarily designed to warrant rapid web development.
  • The developers have to abide by stringent rules and formalized schemes for execution.  Although this limits creativity to some extent, it assures a definite coding, uncomplicated application architecture, and fewer errors and bugs.
  • It has a main focus on high-level processes, abstracting the low-level ones.
  • Every Django project can comprise of a particular or several internal applications.
  • All that is required to learn Django, is the basic understanding of Python.
  • After considering each feature, pros and cons of Django, still it is easy to move an internal app to a novel project.
  • For design prototype, Model Template View (MTV) is employed.  Other than the template component, it is identical 
  •  (MVC) model.  Model grants access to data, to excerpt, and alter it, while Template presents how data is exhibited to users.  View acts as a link between Model and Template that traces a range of user actions and illustrates the changes needed to be incorporated in the Model.

What is Node.js?

What is NodeJS?

Node.js is an open-source and cross-platform.  It has a JavaScript runtime environment that renders JavaScript code outside a web portal.  Node.js was released in 2009. It was primarily based on JavaScript, C, and C++.  Node.js allows developers to utilize JavaScript to note down command line tools and for server-side scripting – functioning scripts server-side to yield vibrant web page content, even before the page is directed to the user’s web browser.  Subsequently, Node.js, as a JavaScript model, unites web-application development around a distinct programming language, instead of diverse languages for server-side and client-side scripts.  Its key features are as follows:

  • It is extremely flexible due to its enormous range of free libraries and extensions.  According to your preference and goal of your development, you can modify the development environment.
  • It accelerated progress in JavaScript (JS) development, providing new opportunities to JavaScript specialists.  This is reasonably a simple language that is generally captured in a client-side browser.
  • Additionally, it can be applied to backend development, which states that the whole app can be produced with JS. The information and expertise required for full-stack developers have emerged, and an ambitious programmer can commence launching his or her own app faster. 
  • You can master Node.js if you have basic familiarity with JavaScript. 
  • After considering each feature, pros and cons of Node.js, any event-driven model can form links between events in a specific browser and on server-side, and can flag the attainment of diverse processes.  In a browser, fragments of HTML coding can exercise as subjects, while any JS function can operate as an observer.

Django vs Node.JS: A Comparative Analysis

The difference between Django and Node.js is as illustrated below:

FactorsDjangoNode.JS
Initial Release 2005 2009
Developed on Python JavaScript, C, and C++
Key aspect Web development framework JS runtime environment
Architecture MTV model Event-driven model
Security Django is more secure than NodeJS; as it has a built-in system, protecting from any security failure. NodeJS is not as secured as Django, as it needs manual operation in the system to administer security flaws.
Performance Django gives better performance, owing to a built-in house template system promoting the execution of a vital task promptly. NodeJS performance is also good, as it permits web professionals with more liberty when it comes to implementations. But this inflates the overall time needed to produce an application.
Complexity It is more complex than NodeJS. Here, a developer has to adhere to a specific pathway for working out any problem. It is less complicated than Django. Here, a developer is allowed to solve any problem as he or she wants.
Cost-efficiency It is more dynamic and gives fast speed, making it more cost-effective. It is much easier to learn but absorbs more functioning time, making it a less cost-effective alternative.
Reputation It has a substantial reputation. With the steady growth in popularity, NodeJS might soon turn out to be a preferred framework.
Community Django has a fairly active yet small community. NodeJS has an active community with qualified users to aid you on latest updates and modifications.
Opportunities for Full-stack development It doesn’t offer full-stack development. Due to its proficiencies to make both, frontend and backend parts of an app, by one programming language – JavaScript, NodeJS is one of the most opted technologies for web application development.
Flexibility It provides a definite flexibility and has severe development features. With the JavaScript library, various tools and features are available in NodeJS. You can even make a JS-based app from scratch.

Companies that use Django

Some of the giant Django players in the market that have made an exceptional use of this framework and have helped them evolve and expand are as follow: 

  1. Disqus

    Disqus is the biggest project so far created on the Django framework from scratch.  The website permits you to execute comments and discuss alternatives on your website. It gives easy-to-use plug-in for comments, evaluates audience movement, and enables tools used for customer engagement.  Approximately 750,000 sites using Disqus, with about 35 million consumers, participate in a community of nearly 500 million.

  2. YouTube

    A ‘video-sharing platform’ that needs no introduction is YouTube.  With a rapid increase in the number of audiences, its team chose Django framework which helped their developers to add new traits required and to retain the website’s speed.

  3. Instagram

    Instagram, being the most popular Python-based video and photo-sharing social network, requires dispensing massive data and governing a giant number of interactions between users at every second.  The Django web framework aids in supplying ready-to-implement solutions which allow its developers to concentrate on UI and UX of the app, and not worry about its backend technology.  There are over 1 billion people using Instagram every month, and according to eMarketer, the prediction is that its network would reach 117.2 million users solely in the U.S. by 2021.

    Also, it uses Sentry tool, which is developed by Disqus, to supervise and discover errors across the system timely.  The list doesn’t end here.  There are some more popular companies like Spotify, BitBucket, Dropbox, Mozilla, Pinterest, The Washington Post, to name a few, using Django and getting benefitted.


Companies that use Node.js

Many popular companies have sought to use Node.js for building – social media applications, video and text-chant engines, tracking apps, and myriad online games.

  1. PayPal

    Paypal is one of the biggest and most well-renowned mediums for Internet payments.  It has been deploying Node.js to fabricate the consumer-facing side of its web app.  There were 325 million active PayPal accounts in the world, during the first quarter of 2020, which represents a 17% growth per annum.

  2. LinkedIn

    LinkedIn, a social network that primarily focuses on professional networking and career development, has over 50 million companies listed and 20 million active job listings, as of May 2020. It uses Node.js to strengthen the server-side of LinkedIn’s mobile app.  It has augmented the speed of mobile apps, thus letting it develop more customer engagement.

  3. Netflix

    Netflix is the biggest provider of video streaming including movies and series, inclusive of those that are produced in-house.  It has around 182 million paid subscriptions, globally, as of April 2020, including 69 million in the United States.  Its user interface is built with Node as its engineers were firm to use Node.js to deliver a fast, lightweight, and modular application.

    Apart from these, there are prominent companies like Uber, eBay, Yahoo, GoDaddy, Walmart, Medium, to name a few, utilizing Node.js on backend of their apps, owing to its easy scalability, better efficiency, highly extensible, and high performance.


The Quest: Django vs Node.js

Django VS NodeJS - Which is Better

Django and NodeJS both are budding technologies that can be used as per the precise requirements of the developer.  There is no definite response to the question, ‘Which is better – Django or NodeJS?’  You must cautiously analyze and match all the features to accomplish your needs for app development. 

For example, to state Node.js vs Django, the latter is a great option if you consider employing a relational database, copious external libraries, are chiefly concerned about security, and need to build the app promptly.  On the other hand, you can use Node.js if you got a nonparallel stack from a server, want great performance, aim on structuring characteristics from scratch, and need an application that carries out heavy lifting of client-side processing.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which is better, Django or Node.js?

Django or Node.js, cannot be really compared to one another. There isn’t any thumb rule to follow and decide which of the two technologies can be used for web and mobile app development. Both have vast scalability and performance. If you want high scalability, Django is preferred and if you require high performance, you must use Node.js framework. Being clear what type of development you would like to build, makes it easier for you to select one.

In Django, what is a QuerySet?

A collection from the database is usually termed as QuerySet in Django. It is used by Django Object-relational Mapper. When you use models to avail a single record or a group of records from database, they are returned as QuerySets.

What are the prerequisites to become a Node.js Developer?

If you are aiming to become a Node.js Developer, you have to learn JavaScript and all related concepts. In the industry of software development, Node.js has gained a huge demand. You must know the basics of web development, namely, HTML and CSS. It is vital to test your website, as Node.js is a server-side language.


Conclusion

The success of any web app development is hugely dependent on methods and tools that your team would use.  Both, Node.js and Django web framework, are advanced technologies that would be a benefit for your stack.  The fact is that there is no simple answer to this question, ‘Django or Node.js?’  because they both have a huge variety of tools available. 

Comparing Node js vs Django, Monocubed can help you choose one as per the requirements of your project.  When the client wants a basic and effortlessly running app promptly, Django should be preferred; and there is a need to customize the development environment to form a distinctive JavaScript-based application, Node.js should be preferred.

Author Bio

Jigar Mistry

Jigar Mistry

Jigar Mistry is the Founder of Monocubed and is the main curator and writer of the content found on this site. He has 14+ years of experience in the information technology industry. He always believes in quality, in terms of code and application.