Python is advanced, cross-site scripting, and interpreted programming language which has an exclusive syntax that makes it different from other languages. If you are developing any Python-based web apps, you should choose any of the most popular Python frameworks to code as it puts a major emphasis on Python for web application development.
Let’s have a view of such Python web frameworks.
Table of Content
- What Are Python Frameworks?
- Types of Python Frameworks
- Things to Know Before You Consider Any Web Framework
- Advantages of Using Python Frameworks
- 7 Top Python Frameworks You Should Consider
As we all know that Python framework is simple, versatile and it fits for all-purpose in areas such as building a web app, DevOps, and data driven structures. Python is profoundly employed by the infrastructure team of Facebook.
Similarly, as stated in one of the articles that fortune 500 companies that use python such as Netflix, Instagram, Dropbox, are relying on Python as they have a high loading website that processes millions of user requests per day and Python helps them sustain their top-notch performance.
To make the most of these Python web frameworks, you must consider a Python web application framework that provides a clear code structure to developers throughout the planning, cross site scripting, SQL injection flaws, file execution, and MVC designing, so that they gain experience and can focus on application logic rather than other unnecessary elements and properties of programming.
What Are Python Frameworks?
Before moving on to python web frameworks, we must understand, What is Python used for?
Web frameworks are a collection of modules or packages which help developers in writing a web app in the Python programming language. When they choose Python for rapid development, they don’t have to worry about the use of low-level facts, for example, multiple protocols, code, thread management, and sockets.
Frameworks automate the performance of basic solutions that provide developers the adaptability to concentrate on web applications instead of the general routine processes.
The web frameworks give web site developers, web designers, system administrators, and Linux operators the freedom and experience to develop a structure by providing a common model for app structuring that is quick, consistent, and effortlessly maintainable.
These web frameworks also diminish the coding time and enable developers to be more focused due to the simultaneous command line (CL) processing and strong typing.
Python backend framework has a higher source order abstractions and metaprogramming potential to develop large and complicated code systems and have a variety of libraries for doing approximately anything. A developer is ought to describe a data model to attain a functional application.
Let’s observe a few of the operations involved in web app development that use web frameworks for Python:
- URL routing and data-driven manipulation
- Input form validation
- Output formats along with template engines
- Database connection configuration
- Data security against cross-site request forgery (CSRF)
- Session storage and retrieval
Today, there are various kinds of popular Python frameworks available in the market for creating open source web applications in Python in the easiest way possible. Now, the question is – how to choose a suitable object oriented Python for web development of any project.
Well, this selection needs to be made by considering the basic requirements and preferences of the user.
Types of Python Frameworks
While talking about the availability of open-source Python frameworks, there are basically three types of frameworks – full-stack frameworks like Web2py and Pyramid, micro-framework like Dash and CherryPy, and asynchronous frameworks like Sanic and Growler.
Let us have some views on these frameworks.
Full Stack Framework
Full stack are one of the best Python frameworks, known as one-stop-solution for fulfilling all kinds of app building requirements. This approach has a lot of databases and components that are commonly included in the full-stack web framework such as – form validation, form generators, and template layouts.
Here are some examples of full stack frameworks:
- Pylons Framework
From the above list of full-stack Python frameworks, Web2py, an open-source framework, permits developers to create robust code by using the object-oriented pattern with the utmost ease. It is written in Python and is fabricated to diminish tiresome program agendas, such as building web-based visualization forms from the beginning.
Web2py design was influenced by Django and Ruby on Rails and the ticketing system is its prime feature. Similar to this full-stack framework, Web2py, accompanied by a code editor debugger and code editor, aims at building rapid apps and uses a file system for uploading files, cache, ticketing systems, and storing sessions by following the model view controller elements.
A Python based module named MoviePy is used for editing video. It renders various functions for title insertions, video compositing, creation of custom effects, concatenations, cutting, and video processing. Whereas, Pyramid is a lightweight framework intended to turn trivial web technologies into a huge one.
Pyramid operations are carried on all versions of Python programming language. Pylons combine the best ideas from the ecospheres of Python, Perl, and Ruby, enabling an organized and flexible Python web framework.
These kinds of web frameworks are known as the lightweight framework (non full stack framework) because they do not offer additional patterns and functionalities compared to a full stack framework, such as multi-threaded database abstraction layer, form validation, specific tools, and libraries.
The users who want to use this open-source Python web framework must put a lot of effort to form code, and need to add additional requirements and operations manually. Frameworks of this type are:
The asynchronous web framework is now taking over its place as a microframework that allows a user to handle large sets of concurrent connections. Characteristically, an asynchronous web framework is mainly built for Python which uses the asyncio networking library of programming languages.
A Python 3.6 + web server and framework that is written to run fast is Sanic. It also allows us to use async/await syntax which is included in Python 3.5. The aim of the Sanic assignment is to supply an easier way to function in a high-performing HTTP server that is simple to construct and scale and supports request handlers.
According to the benchmark test held by Sanic, Falcon’s capabilities of managing most of the requests with similar hardware is best as compared to all its contemporaries.
Things to Know Before You Consider Any Web Framework
There is a thing that companies need to consider before deciding which web development framework they should use. First of all, it needs to look at the size and complexity of the coding strategy. Based on such views, if it is planning to develop a large structure filled with lots of requirements and features, a full-stack framework will be the right choice.
On the other hand, if it is planning a small and simple app product, it should think about microframeworks.
Secondly, you need to check if the framework you are choosing is up to the mark and perfectly fit for your web project. This is an important step to remember while choosing the web framework for the projects run on several web servers, handle vast amounts of traffic, and support new additional features to excel code functionality.
According to Stack Overflow, 66.7% are the developers who are employing this web framework for web development.
Advantages of Using Python Frameworks
- Code reusability
- Easier implementation
- Good documentation
- Efficient operations
- Secure framework
- Easy Integration
So, now you know what you want and what type of web framework you need to use for developing an open source web application based on Python language. To help you out we have listed the top 7 web frameworks that you can compare and check out the reasons and features for building your next web application.
7 Top Python Frameworks You Should Consider
If you want to compare the functionalities and features for the project you are going to develop, these top 10 frameworks in Python for web development will help you identify the right one for you. One of them is CubicWeb that embeds Relational Query Language (RQL) with an aim to simplify any query related to the data.
Let’s view each of them in detail and choose the best use cases.
The Django framework is one of the most favorite web frameworks for developing Python applications. It tends to follow the MVC architecture minutely enough to be known as an MVC framework.
One major reason for its popularity is, it is open source and free to use a full-stack Python framework, also available in maintenance mode, and asyncio library, including a variety of built-in features rather than just offering individual libraries for your projects.
Python language with the Django framework is based on the ‘Don’t Repeat Yourself’ (DRY) functionality.
Django Python web development framework uses its ORM (Object Relational Mapper) for mapping objects to multi-database tables which allows the code to work across multiple databases and template engines to make it easier to migrate from one database to the other.
Despite the fact that Django Python frameworks provide a range of inbuilt libraries and database support – MySQL, SQLite, PostgreSQL, and Oracle, it also supports other databases and templating systems via third-party adapters, drivers, and content management systems.
Apart from these views, the Django software foundation has the ability to reduce app development time.
Features of Django Framework:
- A versatile and pleasant ORM
- URL routing and templates
- Ability to run and apply migrations automatically
- Skeleton for automatic generation of admin panel
- Support for localization, user authentication, sessions, cookies, web server, web browser compatibility, etc.
- Automatic security features such as XSS and CRSF prevention
- Works well with multiple databases and templating engine
- Outstanding support for Geographical data and spatial queries through GeoDjango concepts
- An overloaded ready to use libraries
Overall, the web framework is full-blown and friendly, and one of the popular web application foundation frameworks for Python. Based on the above-given points you can definitely consider this framework.
Flask is another well-known and best Python framework that comes under the Microframework category and comes with the BSD license. It is inspired by the Sinatra Ruby framework; the microframework needs the Werkzeug WSGI toolkit and the Jinja2 template, and ToscaWidgets is an example of a WSGI framework. Dash developers can utilize Flask as a web framework.
Thanks to the functionality, restful request dispatching, request handling, modular, and lightweight frontend design of Flask, it is promptly adaptable. ORMs deliver an advanced abstraction on an interactive database that lets a developer transcribe code in place of SQL to read, create, delete, and update tools and data in the database.
Flask is a framework of Python language that allows the users to build a genuine web app foundation and database tables from where they can use any source of extensions needed. The other benefit of using this framework is that it is compatible with Google App Engine and offers a request dispatching way.
For instance, 21% of Facebook Infrastructure has Python codebase. Still, depending upon what your goal is and what kind of Python web services you want by choosing components of your choice, Flask is a blessing.
Flask Framework Offers the following Features:
- Routing, templating language, session management, etc.
- Complete support for unit-testing
- Inbuilt development web server
- Error logging and ticketing role based access control to administer errors
- A minimum, pluggable model
- First-class REST support and coordination
- Flask gives support for Blueprints
- Plugging in any ORM and secure cookies
- Flexible web application section
- Static file uploads and serving
- WGSI compliant
- Built-in fast debugger
- HTTP request handling
- Jinja2 templating views
- Unit testing support
- Error tracking mechanism
- RESTful request dispatching
- Unicode-based source
The Hug is a Python 3 API framework that allows the Python developers community for building APIs and then they can use it whenever they want to. This framework has the ability to simplify restful API construction and prototyping as it offers multi-threaded interfaces.
It is also considered as the fastest web frameworks in Python if you are using Python 3 in your organization.
It lets web developers complete app formation easily in one click deployment, over HTTP requests or responses, or via the CLI. In order to take the app performance to the next degree, it uses resources only whenever it is needed and employs Cython as a source for compilation.
The Hug framework has little integration and developers need code coverage as little as possible, remain functional, and provide high performance. On top of that, its community is still growing and the demand in the market is increasing and whenever an issue occurs, a developer can find help in any parts of the web application development.
Key Features of Hug Framework:
- Annotation-powered validation
- Follows write once, use anywhere philosophy
- Built-in version management
- Supports automatic documentation
- Built-in version management
- Compliance with Cython
- Ability to run and use as Python standard library
The Bottle is one of the most used micro-framework that the web developers community uses to build various web applications in Python. It does not have many dependencies, as an alternative, it contains only one Python standard code library and employs in a single file.
Also, it is distributed as a source file module. This library also includes an inbuilt template engine, exceptions, and functions – the objects that can be utilized by Python code without any requirement of the import statement.
One of the key features of this framework is that it makes developers’ lives easier by allowing them to perform closer to the hardware. This framework is perfectly suitable to develop and build simple personal apps. This small, powerful framework is ideal for programmers looking for flexibility and basic functionalities to build simple web applications and websites.
Another benefit of using Bottle is that its small profile makes it trouble-free to embed it within a larger app without worrying about system-wide requirements. For instance, if you want to create small apps for your business with a clean, simple, and fast framework that is not full of words, Bottle microframework is everything you need.
Key Features of Bottle framework:
- Built-in fast template engine
- Supports Jinja2, Mako, and Cheetah
- Built-in HTTP development server
- Support for dynamic URL generation
- Plugin support for different databases
- Third-party HTTP/WSGI server
- Support for file uploads, headers, and cookies sessions
- No external dependencies
Just like Django, CherryPy also comes under open source web frameworks that mainly use the object-oriented paradigm and comes with its own HTTP/1.1 compliant WSGI multi-strung Python web servers for developing web applications in a short period of time.
Developers, as per their coding styles, can build the application and database connectivity with this framework that has a view on their multi-threaded web server.
The core advantage of using this framework’s menu is that you can run applications on all Python-supported OSes including Windows, Mac, and/or Linux or Unix. Also, developers need not require an Apache server to run the web apps that are developed using CherryPy.
It is the best Python web framework that allows developers to quickly develop a smaller source of codes and form a reliable database. It offers controller modules and a setup framework that makes things easier for data access, file uploads, templating engines, and handling of sessions.
Also, it provides built-in support for documentation tasks such as coverage, testing, and profiling for your projects. The core distinction of CherryPy is that the user can run multiple HTTP web servers simultaneously. Not only this, but its tools also deploy the simplicity for default encoding, caching, and authorization.
If people want to use a framework in Python language that is super fast, super stable, and super reliable, then they can trust CherryPy.
Feature Checklist For CherryPy:
- HTTP/1.1-compliant WSGI thread-pooled web server
- Multiple HTTP Server Support
- Powerful installation and configuration system
- Flexible plugin system
- Minimalism concepts
- Faster development time
- Android Compliant
Dash is also an open-source micro-framework that is exclusively designed for developing analytical apps. Data scientists prefer this framework because it is built on Flask, React, ReactJs, and Plotly.js and does not demand much knowledge of the tech stack of Python with web development frameworks.
The power of Dash Framework is that it allows developers to create everything in the click that is needed for strong database management and cross-platform compatible and mobile-ready web applications.
This popular Python framework has two parts, one is a layout that describes how the appearance of the app will be and another is functionality that describes its interactivity with the users. As a result, Dash provides a great number of database customization options to make it simple to build Python dashboards.
Its straightforward interface is useful in representing UI controls on value property events like dropdowns, graphs, and sliders. This is the best Python web framework, facilitating the advancement of HTML classes to create HTML web content.
Key Features of Dash Framework:
- Simple UI
- Low Demand for Boilerplate Code
- Error Loading Layout
- LDAP Integration
- Plugin Support
- URL routing and data manipulation
Falcon is one more widely used Python framework that is aimed at building web APIs such as configuration files; unlike others, Python web development frameworks that need lots of reliance for building HTTP APIs. Falcon enables developers to develop pure design applications to improve and use the existing ones that allow HTTP servers.
If we talk about the framework capabilities, Falcon is capable of handling most requests with the same hardware compared to other contemporaries. Big players like LinkedIn, OpenStack, and RackSpace are using Falcon for their platforms.
Key Features of Falcon Framework:
- An extensible, highly-optimized code base
- Accurate and efficient response for HTTP errors and threats or vulnerabilities
- Extra speed boost with Cython support
- Idiomatic HTTP responses
- Unit testing via WSGI helpers and mocks
- Upfront exception handling
- REST-inspired resource classes
- Idiomatic HTTP error responses
- Additional speed boost with Cython support
- Middleware components and hooks
- DRY request processing
- URL templates offer intuitive routing
Frequently Asked Questions
What is framework in Python?
Web application framework for Python is a collection of elements and modules that allows web developers to incorporate function decorators with Python and/or services without having low-level details such as sockets, process/thread management, and multiple protocols. There are primarily three types of most popular Python frameworks for web development, namely full-stack, micro-framework, and asynchronous which are considered as the best web framework for Python.
What is best framework for Python?
Among the dynamic Python frameworks available, Flask and Django are the most popular ones. Still, the decision to opt for a framework completely depends on the requirements of the project. Some of the best frameworks for Python are CherryPy, Bottle, Pyramid, Hug, Falcon, which will aid you to build an efficacious project.
How many Python frameworks are there?
As we have mentioned there are three kinds of popular web frameworks for web development, namely full-stack, micro-framework, and asynchronous which businesses consider to build web applications with Python.
Looking at the above-given details in the blog, you need to choose the right web framework depending on the extent of the project and communication needs (whether it is an individual app or not), the status of customization that is required, and everything that you aim for.
It also depends on the developer’s personal choice, working style, and comfort for coding.
Compare the features of the above-given frameworks and choose the best suitable for your project. You can also compare the other web application frameworks that are available in the market before planning and taking major decisions for deployment.
At Monocubed, we will help you choose the appropriate Python framework for your project based on your requirement. Contact our experts now, if you want to develop a successful project.