Vue vs React: Comparison of Best JavaScript Frameworks

by Jigar Mistry
Vue vs React Comparison of Best JavaScript Frameworks

React.js and Vue.js are the two frontend JavaScript frameworks that are popular in the developer world.  React works together with HTML documents through virtual DOM and is abided by a declarative form of programming.  On the contrary, Vue is seen as a progressive framework that states that you can migrate your current projects’ features at a given time.

Both tools offer software developers a constructive approach to building varied Web applications, but each has its best usage cases and responds to diverse business needs. In this article on Vue vs React, we will explore its concepts and what makes these two technologies unique.

What is Vue.js?

Vue.js is an advanced framework for developing user interfaces.  Dissimilar to the rest of the monolithic frameworks, Vue js is created from scratch to be incrementally adoptable.  The main library is dedicated to the view layer only and is pretty easy to pick up as well as incorporated with many libraries or prevailing projects.  Moreover, Vue js is also impeccably proficient in powering classy single-page applications when utilized in an arrangement with supporting libraries and contemporary tooling.

Vue.js is a front end and open-source JavaScript framework.  Its model-view-view-model architecture is used for developing single-page applications and user interfaces.  It is developed by Evan You and employs ‘high decoupling’, permitting the Vue developers to gradually make user interfaces.

Features of Vue.js

Vue.js is one of the most renowned web frameworks that is used to streamline web development.  Vue js can be easily assimilated into huge projects for front-end app development without any problems.  Progressive features essential for multifaceted applications, such as state management, routing, and build tooling are presented via formally preserved supporting packages and libraries, with Nuxt.js as one of the best solutions.  Below are some of the vital features presented:

Features of Vue.js Framework
  1. Templates

    Vue utilizes HTML oriented template syntax that permits binding the concentrated Document Object Model (DOM) to the fundamental Vue occurrence’s data.  All the Vue templates are effective HTML that can be described by HTML parsers and specification-compliant browsers.  Vue accumulates the templates into Virtual DOM that offer functions.  A virtual DOM sanctions Vue to deliver components in its memory before updating the web browser.

    United with the reactivity scheme, Vue is capable to compute the marginal number of components to re-deliver and apply the nominal amount of DOM manipulations when the state of the app changes.  The users can employ template syntax or opt to directly compose render functions utilizing JSX.  These render functions permit the application to be developed from software components.

  2. Components

    Vue.js components prolong elementary HTML elements to compress reusable code.  At a great level, the components are customized elements to which Vue compiler affixes the behaviour.  In Vue, the component is basically a Vue example with pre-defined alternatives.

  3. Transitions

    Vue offers a diversity of ways to implement transition effects when the items are updated, inserted, or removed from DOM.  This comprises tools to: 

    • Exercise JavaScript to straight away manipulate DOM during the transition hooks
    • Assimilate the third-party JavaScript animation library, namely, Velocity.js
    • Mechanically apply the classes for CSS animations and transitions
    • Incorporate the third-party CSS animation library, namely, Animate.css
  4. Routing

    The most common shortcoming of single-page applications (SPA) is the inability to segment links to the precise subpage within a definite web page.  As SPA serves the users only one URL oriented reply from the server, bookmarking some screens or allocating the links to explicit sections is generally tough, if not unmanageable. 

    To decipher this issue, numerous client-side routers restrict their dynamic URL with a ‘hashbang’ (#!).  Nevertheless, with HTML5 most contemporary browsers support the routing without any hashbang.

  5. Reactivity

    Vue presents a reactivity structure that exercises plain JavaScript objects and augmented re-rendering.  Every component keeps a track of its responsive dependencies during its render, so the structure knows exactly when to re-render, and which components to re-render.

What is React?

React is a front end, open-source JavaScript library used for developing user interfaces or UI components.  It is conserved by Facebook and a group of distinct companies and developers.  React can be utilized as a base in mobile or single-page application development. 

Nevertheless, React is only concerned with delivering the data to DOM, and so forming React applications generally necessitates the usage of additional libraries for routing and state management. React Router and Redux are examples of these libraries.

React employs a declarative pattern that forms it easier to reason about the application and targets to be both flexible and efficient.  It schemes simple views for every state in the application and React will competently update and deliver just an apt component when the data alters.  The declarative view makes the code more anticipated and simpler to debug.

Features of React

React application is composed of manifold components, each accountable for offering a trivial, reusable part of HTML.  The components can be amalgamated within several other components to permit complex applications to be developed out of uncomplicated building blocks.  At present, React.js is achieving rapid popularity as the best JavaScript framework amongst web developers.  It is playing a vital role in the front-end environment.  The significant features of React.js are as follows:

Features of Reactjs Framework
  1. Components

    React.js is about the components.  React.js applications are composed of manifold components, and every component has its controls and logic.  Such components can be reused which aid you to conserve the coding when functioning on large scale projects.

  2. One-way Data Binding

    React.js is fabricated in such a way that monitors one-way data binding or unidirectional data streams.  The advantages of one-way data binding supply you improved control throughout the web application.  If the data movement is in a different direction, then it needs additional traits. 

    It is because the components are invented to be irreversible and the data inside them cannot be altered.  Flux is a design that assists to keep the data unidirectional.  This forms the web application to be more flexible and it leads to increased efficiency.

  3. Virtual DOM

    A virtual DOM object is the depiction of an inventive DOM object.  It functions as a one-way data binding.  When any amendments occur in the application, the complete UI is re-rendered in a virtual DOM depiction.  Then it examines the difference between the former DOM depiction and the new DOM.  Once it has completed, the actual DOM will update the things that have been transformed.  This makes the web application quicker, and there is no depletion of memory.

  4. JSX

    JavaScript XML (JSX) is a JavaScript syntax extension.  It is an HTML or XML like syntax utilized by React.js.  The syntax is administered well into JavaScript calls of React framework.  It encompasses ES6 so that the HTML like text can be present with JavaScript react coding.  It is not essential to utilize JSX, but it is suggested to employ in React.js.

  5. Performance

    React.js is recognized to be an excellent performer.  This characteristic makes it better than the rest of the frameworks available today.  The motive behind this is that it administers the virtual DOM.  The DOM is a cross-platform and programming API that transacts with XML, XHTML, or HTML. 

    The DOM occurs completely in memory.  Owing to this, when we form a component, we did not write straight away to DOM.  In its place, we write the virtual components that will turn DOM leading to faster and smoother performance.

  6. Simplicity

    React.js employs the JSX file which makes the web application easy to code and understand.  We know that React.js has a component-oriented method that forms the code reusable as per your requirement.  This creates it simple to learn and use.

Vue vs React: The Vital Differences

Vue and React are two frameworks that are dedicated to making the life of developers easier.  They speed up the procedure of turning a notion for an online project into reality.  By default, Vue utilizes HTML templates, but there is an alternative to transcribing in JSX.  On the other hand, React solely uses JSX.  The following table depicts the noteworthy difference between Vue and React:

AttributesVueReact
Technology Vue.js framework is built for UI development and design. The primary functionality is aimed at interface-related errands. React is a JavaScript library and framework for UI development with an opulent ecosystem that permits the tools to be accountable for complex data processing, UI processes, and personalization.
Invention It is developed by Evan You. It is developed and supported by Facebook.
Performance Vue utilizes virtual DOM and operational principles that are similar to React. However, Vue is more rapid when it comes to component updates and creation. React employs a virtual DOM – an object model that does not depend on a web browser. The framework mechanically delivers HTML pages.
Adapting to Mobile Devices Vue supports Weex – a mobile UI framework built by Alibaba Group. The framework utilizes Vue components to develop Android and iOS applications and sanctions reusing web code. React offers React Native – a framework that permits building iOS and Android native apps with the same React component construction.
Size The size of the Vue is about 20KB min+gzip. The size of the React is about 100KB.
When to Use It can be used to build small web page apps that are intended to be lightweight and fast. It can be used to build community-based platforms. Eg: marketplace and forum.
Platforms It can be employed in content delivery platforms as it is fast and functions well in low-latency. It can be employed in multifaceted platforms with rich mobile and web functionality.
Scaling Vue offers scaling projects with advanced performance speed. React offers an improved ecosystem, additional templates, and more tools.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Vue

Advantages of Vue.js

From the above table on Vuejs vs Reactjs, we can gauge that there are some benefits of utilizing Vue js, which must inspire developers to employ it in the projects.  For example, Vue js is similar to Angular in various aspects and it endures to relish its growing popularity as compared to other frameworks available in the market.

  1. Readability

    Programmers that are acquainted with other JavaScript frameworks can select Vue easily due to its = clarity and simplicity.  Vue syntax is easy and simple to comprehend.  Skilled developers that begin functioning with Vue find its construction very instinctive as Vue components are much a combination of JavaScript and HTML.  Owing to its simple construction, it allows the web development of large-scale templates and developers can still track the blocks with errors if any.

  2. Size

    One of the greatest benefits of employing Vue js is its size as you can get a readymade project that weighs just 20KB.  The size is invincible with all the other frameworks like React.js, Angular, and jQuery.

  3. Documentation

    Vue.js has detailed and extensive documentation which makes it quick and easy to learn.  It permits an inexperienced developer, having a basic knowledge of JavaScript and HTML, to build an app.  This states that even a beginner can manage complex operations utilizing only inadequate resources and it would still function well.

  4. Easy Development

    When you build an application, the error is obvious to happen.  Nevertheless, what matters the most is how effortlessly you find the errors and fix them.  Vue.js does the same.  It has a simple construction which aids developers from small to huge-scale templates and catches the blocks containing errors.  You can also save much of your time while building the templates.

  5. Versatility and Scalability

    Dissimilar to other frameworks, Vue js can be utilized as a library and a rich framework.  Why individuals love to go with Vue js is due to its scalability.  It can be changed, modified, and scale up as per your needs.  Also, if you need to make any integration or require to build an application, it can consume the REST API.

Disadvantages of Vue.js

  1. More Flexible than Required

    Flexibility is outstanding, but it is not always good as when you are functioning on some substantial projects in which the developers are involved, then it will form some problems.  Over-flexibility is the reason for more irregularity and errors within the coding.  Such a loophole states that projects will get postponed.

  2. Fewer Components or Plugins

    Common plugins are beneficial as they function with several other tools to make the development simple.  Vue js does not possess most of the general plugins, and that is the disadvantage of Vue.js.

  3. Issues with Safari and iOS

    If you are utilizing the Vue js app on older versions of Safari and iOS, then you are likely to face some problems, though they are manageable.

  4. Small Community

    Vue was originally developed in 2014, and hence it is still new and developing very fast.  As a consequence, it is not so prevalent as compared to the rest of the frameworks like Angular and React.  Moreover, as a Chinese company has formed the framework, most of the codes have been transcribed in the Chinese language, which generates certain issues for English speaking users.  Most of the community members are non-English speakers that too in small numbers which may not be much support.

Advantages and Disadvantages of React

Advantages of React

  1. Producing Dynamic Web Apps

    To build a dynamic web application explicitly with HTML strings was complicated because it required multifaceted coding, but React.js resolved that problem and made it easier.  It offers less coding and renders more functionality.  It makes use of the JavaScript extension, which is a specific syntax letting HTML tag syntax and HTML quotes to offer precise subcomponents.  Also, it supports the development of machine-readable code.

  2. Easy to Use

    React.js is very easy to learn and employ.  It gives a good supply of tutorials, documentation, and training resources.  Any developer who knows JavaScript background can effortlessly understand and begin building apps utilizing React in just a few days.  

  3. Support of Handy Tools

    React.js has also attained popularity due to the availability of a handy collection of tools.  Such tools make the chores of developers easier and understandable.  React developer tools have been fabricated as Firefox and Chrome dev extensions and permit you to examine React component hierarchies in virtual DOM.  It also permits you to choose precise components and scrutinize and edit the existing state.

  4. SEO Friendly

    The classic JS frameworks have trouble in dealing with SEO.  The search engines usually have issues in reading JavaScript-loaded applications.  Many developers have often criticized this issue.  React.js overcomes such a problem that aids developers to get easily directed on numerous search engines.  It is for the reason that React.js apps can function on the server, and virtual DOM will be delivered and returned to the browser as a normal web page.

Disadvantages of React

  1. Poor Documentation

    React.js technologies are accelerating and updating so rapidly that there is no sufficient time to make any proper documentation.  To overcome this issue, web developers write commands on their own with the evolving of new tools and releases in their existing projects.

  2. Incompleteness

    React facilitates only the View portion of the MVC model.  Owing to that, you will have to depend on some other technologies also.  However, the developers observe it as a benefit as it permits complete independence.  And because of that, each project might appear different.

  3. High speed of development

    The high speed of development has benefits and drawbacks.  In the case of drawbacks, since the ecosystem continually alters so fast, some developers do not feel comfortable learning again the novel ways of doing things regularly.  It may be difficult for them to accept these changes with all the unceasing updates.  They have to upgrade their skills and study new ways of doing tasks.


Frequently Asked Questions

Which is better – Vue or React?

In comparison between React and Vue frameworks, the former delivers more flexibility and is as stable as the latter. But Vue is more organized and easier to set up which results in reduced project duration. React documentation is good, but Vue documentation is mostly considered better. Also, Vue is simpler to learn as compared to React.js.

Angular vs React vs Vue – Which one is best?

Vue offers advanced customizability and henceforth it is easier to learn than Angular or React. Furthermore, Vue js has an overlap with React and Angular by their functionality like usage of the components. Therefore, the evolution of Vue from either of the two is an easy alternative.

Will Vue takes over and React?

Vue is relatively a new framework, and it will take much time to touch the scale of the React environment. Though both the frameworks have their own set of advantages and disadvantages, React is certainly the best framework that you can opt for the next development project.


Conclusion

React and Vue both are great tools for developing an interactive user interface.  To select which one is apt for your project, you have to take several factors into account, comprising your business needs, specific use case, developer availability, environment, timeframe, and budget.

From the above discussion on React vs Vue, if we talk about performance, Vue is on par with React.js.  Nevertheless, ultimate results fundamentally rely on application size and optimization efforts.  On the other hand, React.js is great for developing complex enterprise applications.  Contact Monocubed, if you have any questions about the technologies or require a team of experienced developers to understand your project and deliver accordingly.

Author Bio

Jigar Mistry

Jigar Mistry

Jigar Mistry is the Founder of Monocubed and is the main curator and writer of the content found on this site. He has 14+ years of experience in the information technology industry. He always believes in quality, in terms of code and application.