Companies have been adopting the emerging technological changes quickly. Amongst the latest technologies, smartphones have also advanced. One such technology within phones and web app development that has taken over is the progressive web app frameworks.
According to a Statista report, presently, there are 3.3 billion mobile phone consumers across the globe. This stats is estimated to reach around 3.8 billion in the upcoming years.
Some of the best Progressive web applications (PWAs) examples are Starbucks, Pinterest, and Twitter that have described a substantial upsurge in user-engagement levels when they substituted legacy native apps and mobile web experiences with PWAs. Let’s observe some of the most popular progressive web app frameworks.
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What Are Progressive Web Apps?
Progressive web app (PWA) presents the gap between native apps and user experience in web-based applications. Since PWA is a sort of website or webpage termed as a web app, they do not need distinct distribution or bundling. Specifically, there is no constraint for users or developers to set up the web applications through digital distribution schemes like Google Play or Apple App Store.
Nevertheless, for several PWA suppliers, the absence of visibility of PWA in such distribution schemes is a drawback when compared to native apps. To fluctuating degrees, the main application stores began to take PWAs, permitting them to be found in these stores.
Since the beginning of 2021, PWA-related characteristics are supported to varying degrees by the Apple Safari, Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge browsers, and Firefox for Android. Numerous companies highlight noteworthy improvements in an extensive range of key performance indicators after PWA execution, like augmented time expended on conversions, revenue, or page.
Features of a PWA
Progressive web applications are intended to run on any web browser that is acquiescent with the proper web standards. As with many cross-platform resolutions, the objective is to aid developers to develop cross-platform apps more effortlessly than they would with native applications. Below are some of the vital features of a PWA:
- Receptive: It is suitable for any form factor – mobile, desktop, or tablet.
- Advanced: It works well for all the users, irrespective of their browser choice, utilizing advanced enhancement ideologies.
- Independent connectivity: The service workers permit on low-quality networks or offline usages.
- Rapid after preliminary loading: After the preliminary loading gets completed, the same page elements and content do not need to be re-downloaded every time.
- Updated: It is always kept up-to-date owing to its service worker update procedure.
- Application-like: It feels like an application to the users with app-like navigation and interactions.
- Re-engagement factor: It can implement push notifications to preserve engagement with the users.
- Safe: It is served via HTTPS to avert interference and guarantee that the content has not been meddled with.
- Linkable: It can be shared via a URL easily and does not entail any difficult installation.
- Easy to install: It provides home screen icons without the usage of an app store.
Best Progressive Web App Frameworks For Your Next Project
The major and initial step in building Progressive Web Apps (PWA) is to choose which web framework to employ. As there are numerous alternatives available, it is advisable to calculate the pros and cons of every PWA frameworks before selecting the most appropriate one. Below-mentioned are some of the best progressive web apps frameworks:
In this Progressive web app (PWA) development domain, React is considered as a prominent framework owing to its ‘Create a new React app’ producer and all its creativities to create PWA the novel measure of the web.
React, being produced by Facebook and in 2013, is a JS library for the interface scheme. Presently, it is one of the leading libraries for front end web app development. It can be employed to make both single-page applications (SPA) and multi-page apps with the content vigorously loading and shifting within a distinct page.
Latest version: 17.0.1Pros
- Wide-ranging ecosystem
- Has a large community
- Delivers easy scalability
- React offers great flexibility
- Has a reasonable learning curve
- Execution is swift with virtual DOM
- The same code can be utilized for web and native app
- As compared to JS, React is rather complex
- It needs prior knowledge of JSX
- With no defined procedure, React implementation is complicated
- The more you choose for flexibility, the more concerns will emerge
Latest version: 11.1.1Pros
- Angular framework has multifaceted infrastructure that is appropriate for huge-sized projects
- Well explained methodology
- Exceptional archive of third-party extensions to select from
- An active and large community of web developers
- Dependency injection to upsurge modularity and code efficiency
- Completely modular components
- Augmented security and speed, with a brilliant and unique concept of AOT
- It is relatively complex
- It is essential to learn Typescript before using Angular
This PWA framework has enormous library elements for both iOS and Android platforms. It facilitates app developers to build web pages that can be placed inside the web browser. WebView offers web pages in the device web browser to view native applications. It has an extremely flexible technology stack and permits for applying challenging frameworks like Angular, Vue js, or React to create applications.
Latest version: 5.3.4Pros
- Decreases the software development cost as it is open source
- Has a shorter learning curve
- Easy maintenance utilizing inbuilt browser instruments and debugging tools
- Great for hybrid web development
- A large community of active users
- Huge library of plugins for retrieving APIs without any requirement for coding
- Recurrent updates need an alteration in the existing app to state the latest variations
Owing to this, front end beginners might find more time to learn and build PWA in Vue js, subsequently forming the learning curve more forgiving for the newcomers. This PWA framework has succeeded to make the code easy by supplying two critical things – simplistic coding and high-speed rendering.
Latest version: 3.0.5Pros
- Easy for new web developers to learn it as it has simple coding
- Giant companies like Alibaba and Laravel support Vue
- Good documentation
- Possess similar notions like React and Angular
- Improved rendering performance due to Virtual DOM
- Can be merged with Typescript and JSX to generate the best output
- The flexibility in its construction sometimes illustrates the trouble
- It needs a major amount of conversion in legacy code from Angular 1.5
- Has a small support team
Polymer, an open-source, has been built by Google. It has an extensive variety of web components, templates, and development tools. This proves to be an outstanding choice for building PWA since the procedure becomes extremely simplified.
Latest version: 3.3.0Pros
- Complete web app stack support, comprising routing, responsive, and data tier layouts
- A huge base of components, containing components that run across different browsers
- Simple to understand API
- Browser embedded building tools confirm no requirement for distinct debugging tools
- Exceptional documentation
- No authorized IDE
- Lack of server-side rendering that results in low SEO-friendliness, increased HTTP requests, and high reloading time
PWA Builder, an open-source and community-led framework was founded by Microsoft. It supports both Android and iOS application development. It delivers one of the fastest ways to develop elements for a PWA that runs across the devices and platforms.
This framework is created to be the finest at what it does, which is transforming sites into functional, engaging, and fast PWAs across all the manifold platforms. It aims to form cross-platform PWAs, comprising the availability in spaces like Mac and Microsoft Store. It also has extended its authorized support to WebKit-powered web browsers.
Latest version: 2.0.3Pros
- The comprehensive and intuitive building process
- Wide-ranging documentation
- Supported by devoted Microsoft team
- Can use Vue for its app development
- An automated procedure that can make handling things harder
Frequently Asked Questions
Which browsers support progressive web apps (PWA)?
The chief application stores began to embrace progressive web apps, permitting them to be discovered in app stores. From 2021, PWA-related traits are reinforced to fluctuating degrees by Apple Safari, Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, and Firefox for Android browsers.
Is progressive web apps the future?
A progressive web app is certainly considered the future of multi-platform app development because of its application on several devices, the improved speed, and the ease that requires no installation or updates. It is available on both Android and iOS and makes PWA an app of the future.
Which are the popular progressive web app frameworks in 2021?
React, Polymer, Angular, Vue, PWABuilder, and Ionic are some of the popular progressive web app frameworks in 2021 that provide heaps of tools and resources to leverage, eradicating the requirement to write a huge portion of code physically.
Progressive web app framework selection is the critical and chief step for a PWA project. There are numerous determinant aspects to consider before making an appropriate choice. Contact Monocubed for creating a PWA that will be scalable, responsive, user-friendly, and robust.
These days, websites are being moved to HTTP which makes it much easier to introduce a PWA in a controlled and secure environment. As every framework has its capability, its complexity, size, presence of media or interactive components, and expected scalability play an important role in choosing the solution.