The emerging trends in mobile and web application development make the demand for programming languages change each year. Also, upcoming programming languages offer smart features for robust web development.
Various frameworks are available in this web world and the strife between Nodejs vs Angular in this blog would help the developers in selecting the right one for the required website.
But Angular suggests the usage of Microsoft’s TypeScript which comprises annotations and static typing that has generics.
Let us understand the concepts and dissimilarities in Node js and Angular.
Table of Content
- What is Node.js?
- What is Angular
- Node.js vs Angular: The Major Differences
- When to prefer using Angular?
- When to prefer using Node.js?
What is Node.js?
It has an event-based architecture that is capable of asynchronous input and output (I/O) process.
Such a design choice aspires to enhance production and scalability in applications with several I/O operations, also for actual time applications.
In Django vs Node.js, we gauged that the performance of Node.js is good, as it permits web developers with more liberty when it comes to implementations and is less complicated than Django.
Features of Node.js
Below are some of the vital features that can make software developers choose Node.js for their app development.
- No Buffering : The applications built with Node.js do not buffer the data. They simply execute the data in the mass for developers.
- Event based and asynchronous: Every application programming interface (API) of Node.js library is asynchronous.This clearly states that it is non-blocking. A Node.js server does not wait for any API to regress data. Such server shifts to the upcoming APIs and notification system of Events help the server in availing reply from the preceding API call.
- License: Node.js is published under MIT license. It is accessible to all users.
- Single Threaded and scalable: It has a single threaded pattern along with an event-loop. The event system aids the server to reply in a non-blocking manner. This, in turn, makes the server extremely scalable as contradictory to conventional servers which generate limited threads to manage the requests.
It exercises a single threaded model and the same model can give service to larger quantities of requests when compared to the traditional servers.
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Node.js employs a ‘Single Threaded Event Loop’ pattern to administer various concurrent consumers.
Elements of Node.js Architecture:
The incoming request can be described in non-blocking (simple) or blocking (complex), based on the task that the user requires executing in an application.
It’s the server that is a server-side framework that collects requests from the user, processes such requests, and reverts the response to subsequent users.
- Event Queue:
This Event Queue in the Node.js framework accumulates the incoming client request and passes such requests separately into the Event-Loop.
- Thread Pool:
This contains all threads accessible for exercising some of the tasks that might be needed to accomplish the client’s request.
- Event Loop:
This indefinitely entertains processes and requests and then reverts these responses to the subsequent clients.
- External Resources:
These resources are obligated to deal with the blocking of client requests. They can be functioned for data storage and computation.
What is Angular?
Angular is a platform for developing single-page applications with the use of TypeScript and HTML. It is written in TypeScript and applies optional and core functionality as a collection of TypeScript libraries that are imported into the apps.
This open-source front end framework is managed by the Angular Team of Google and the community of corporations and individuals.
Angular frontend application is described by a collection of NgModules. Here, the fundamental building blocks are the NgModules.
The structural design of Angular application depends on some elementary concepts. They gather related code into well-designed collections.
These applications will always have a root module that will enable bootstrapping and usually will have many feature modules.
Features of Angular
There are some of the imperative features that make developers choose Angular as their web framework are as follows:
- Progressive web apps: Owing to its zero-step installation and great performance, developers can build modern web platforms using Progressive web apps.
- Native apps: With the approaches from Ionic, NativeScript, or Cordova, developers can build native apps.
- Splitting of codes: Angular front-end applications load rapidly with a new component router, which can deliver automatic code splitting. Hence, the users can only load the code needed to provide the view they have requested.
- Desktop apps: Desktop-installed applications can be created across Linux, Mac, and Windows by utilizing the same methods. Also, it renders developers the capacity to work on native OS APIs.
- Templates: UI views with powerful and simple syntax can be created quickly.
- Angular CLI: These command-line tools (CLI) help developers in building fast, adding tests and components, and then finally sets an immediate deployment.
- Integrated Development Environment (IDE): Instant errors, intelligent code completion, and other feedback can be gained in such popular editors and integrated development environments.
Angular applications can be written by creating HTML templates along with mark-up, a component class that administers these templates, in addition to application logic incorporated in services, and boxing services and components in modules.
By bootstrapping this root module the application can be launched. Then the framework takes over and presents the app content in the browser. Also, it responds to the user interaction in accordance with the instructions that are provided.
Below is the diagram of Angular architecture that describes the main eight building blocks of an application:
- Data binding
- Dependency injection
Components are here to define views, which are collections of elements that Angular can opt and alter as per your project data and logic. Then the components utilize services, which supply particular functionality and are not directly connected to views.
These service providers are supposed to get injected into components as a dependency, building your code efficient, reusable, and modular.
Here, Services and Components are merely classes, at times with decorators that mark its type and give metadata that inform the framework how to employ them.
Node.js vs Angular: The Major Differences
Both Node.js and Angular are dissimilar and unique in many aspects.Each one of these technologies has its specific features and advantages.
Since both of the frameworks have a prominent stake in the industry, a detailed difference between Angular and Node js would let you understand some major comparisons.
|Angular is an open-source web app framework managed by Google’s Angular team. It is rewritten by the team that developed AngularJS.
|Node.js has an event-driven architecture that is able to function as an asynchronous input and output (I/O) process.
|Angular utilizes components and directives. Its component is a directive with the template.
|The code is written in typescript language.
|Node.js is chiefly used to build server-side applications.
|Angular is suitable to build single-page client-side web applications.
|It is designed to build scalable web servers and applications. However, the team has recently added the feasibility of mobile app development.
|It is designed to build structured mobile and desktop applications. It is also a perfect framework for dynamic web app development.
|It integrates diverse frameworks like Partial.js, Express.js, and Sails.js.
|It does not integrate various frameworks as it itself is a web application development framework.
|Node.js is more preferable when faster and scalable web development is needed. It is usually used for building small-sized projects.
|Angular is preferred when real-time applications, for example, chat apps, or instant messaging are needed. It is generally used for building interactive and creative applications.
|Dependency Injection (DI)
|There is no such dependency injection system here.
|Hierarchical dependency injection is employed here.
|Modules are facilitated for networking (HTTP, DNS, or TCP), file system I/O, data streams, binary data, cryptography functions, and other crucial functions.
|Angular applications are modular. It has its modularity system named NgModules or Angular modules. Any app has a minimum one root module that allows bootstrapping and generally has more quality modules.
|Angular does not need the installation process. It can be used by merely embedding Angular in the coding process.
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When to Prefer using Angular?
Angular Framework can be used for:
- For building real-time, large-scale, and dynamic web apps.
- Support for real-time applications like instant apps and chat messaging.
- More suitable for single-page and interactive applications.
- Developers can build web applications that are integrated with object-oriented programs.
- When the focus is on reliable and easy scalability.
- Top companies using Angular are UpWork, YouTube, Udemy, AT&T, to name a few.
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When to Prefer using Node.js?
Node.js framework is the best alternative:
- For small-sized projects and real-time web applications.
- If the focus is more on building web applications and website development.
- It is also used for system monitoring dashboard and facilitating tracking user actions at an actual time.
- Top companies using Node.js are Yahoo, Netflix, LinkedIn, Github, to name a few.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Why do we utilize Node.js with Angular framework?
Many Angular libraries or packages at GitHub repository are dispersed as diverse NPM packages. This NPM is immensely dependent on Node.js framework.
Which is better Node js vs Angular?
Angular can be utilized for building single page applications and applications that have separate functional layers. It is a client-side, open-source framework launched by Google in 2009. While Node.js is an open-source scalable server-side framework and runs on Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, and Unix.
The above-stated strife between Angular vs Nodejs states precisely that Node.js having features of non-blocking I/O model and event-driven can make it preferably efficient and lightweight when compared to Angular.
Is Node.js a framework or language?
From comparing the difference between Angularjs and Node js, we can gauge both the frameworks contain their unique characteristics and differences that help in developing dynamic web apps.
On the other hand, Node.js can be more advantageous for simple web development of scalable web servers and applications.
Still confused between Node js and Angular?